Pulmonology Book

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Broncholithiasis

Aka: Broncholithiasis
  1. Causes
    1. Pulmonary Tuberculosis
    2. Histoplasmosis
    3. Silicosis
  2. Pathophysiology
    1. Broncholith perforates
      1. Calcified lymph node or granuloma
    2. Perforation extends from hilar region into Bronchi
  3. Symptoms
    1. Sudden onset cough
    2. Hemoptysis (may be massive)
  4. Signs
    1. Hemoptysis may contain Calcium Carbonate fragments
    2. Coarse rhonchi
    3. Fever
  5. Diagnosis
    1. Bronchoscopy
      1. May localize broncholith or perforation site
  6. Radiology: Chest XRay
    1. Distal Bronchus with calcified fragment
    2. Hilar or paratracheal nodes may be calcified
  7. Course
    1. Pulmonary Hemorrhage from broncholith has been fatal
  8. References
    1. Lin (1978) JAMA 239:2153 [PubMed]

Broncholithiasis (C0221367)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD10 J98.09
SnomedCT 69921001, 196157001
Dutch broncholithiase, bronchus; calculus, calculus; bronchus, calculus; long
French Broncholithiase
German Bronchiolithiasis
Italian Broncolitiasi
Portuguese Broncolitíase
Spanish Broncolitiasis, broncolitiasis (trastorno), broncolitiasis
Japanese 気管支結石症, キカンシケッセキショウ
English broncholithiasis, broncholithiasis (diagnosis), Broncholith, Broncholithiasis, Broncholithiasis (disorder), bronchus; calculus, calculus; bronchus, calculus; lung
Czech Broncholitiáza
Hungarian Broncholithiasis
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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