Infectious Disease Book

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Ascaris

Aka: Ascaris, Ascariasis
  1. Classification
    1. Nematode: Roundworm
  2. Epidemiology
    1. Prevalence
      1. Asia (75%)
      2. Africa (10%)
      3. Latin America (10%)
    2. Transmission
      1. Human feces contaminated fruits and vegetables
      2. Fomites
        1. Flies can deposit eggs on food
  3. Symptoms
    1. Intense lower Abdominal Pain for days
  4. Signs
    1. Roundworm passed in stool
      1. Size: 6-10 inches
      2. Color: creamy white
  5. Complications
    1. Bowel Obstruction
    2. Urticaria
    3. Asthma
  6. Management
    1. Mebendazole (not available as of 2012)
    2. Albendazole
    3. Pyrantel pamoate

Ascariasis (C0003950)

Definition (MSH) Infection by nematodes of the genus ASCARIS. Ingestion of infective eggs causes diarrhea and pneumonitis. Its distribution is more prevalent in areas of poor sanitation and where human feces are used for fertilizer.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D001196
ICD9 127.0
ICD10 B77, B77.9
SnomedCT 187536006, 154411000, 271435007, 187172007, 2435008
English Ascariases, Ascariasis, unspecified, [X]Ascariasis, unspecified, ascariasis (diagnosis), ascariasis, Ascariasis [Disease/Finding], ascariosis, ascaridiasis, Ascariasis - roundworm, Roundworm (& ascariasis), Roundworm (& ascariasis) (organism), [X]Ascariasis, unspecified (disorder), Roundworm (& ascariasis) (disorder), Ascariosis, Ascariasis - roundworms, Ascariasis (disorder), Ascariasis, Ascaris lumbricoides; infestation, Ascaris; infection, infestation; Ascaris lumbricoides
Japanese 回虫症, カイチュウショウ
Swedish Spolmaskinfektion
Czech askariáza, ascariasis, Askarióza
Finnish Askariaasi
Russian ASKARIDOZ, АСКАРИДОЗ
German Askaridose, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Askaridose, Askariasis
Korean 상세불명의 회충증, 회충증
Croatian ASKARIJAZA
Polish Askarioza, Glistnica
Hungarian ascariasis
Norwegian Spolorminfeksjoner
Spanish [X]ascariasis, no especificada (trastorno), [X]ascariasis, no especificada, ascariasis (trastorno), ascariasis, infección por áscaris, Ascariasis
Dutch Ascaris lumbricoides; infestatie, Ascaris; infectie, infestatie; Ascaris lumbricoides, Ascariasis, niet gespecificeerd, ascariasis, Ascariasis
French Ascaridiase, Ascaridiose
Italian Ascariasi
Portuguese Ascaríase
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Ascaris (C0003954)

Definition (CSP) genus of nematodes of the superfamily Ascaridoidea whose species usually inhabit the intestine.
Definition (MSH) A genus of nematodes of the superfamily ASCARIDOIDEA whose species usually inhabit the intestine.
Concepts Eukaryote (T204)
MSH D001200
SnomedCT 66953006
English Ascaris, Ascari, ascaris, Eelworm, Genus: Ascaris, Ascaris (organism), Ascaris, NOS
Swedish Spolmask
Czech Ascaris, škrkavka
Finnish Ascaris
Russian ASKARIDY, АСКАРИДЫ
Croatian ASCARIS
Polish Glista
Norwegian Ascaris
Spanish Ascaris (organismo), anguilula, ascáride, Ascaris
French Ascaris
German Ascaris
Italian Ascaris
Dutch Ascaris, Spoelwormen
Portuguese Ascaris
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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