Geriatric Medicine Book

Nursing

  • Infection in the Nursing Home Resident

http://www.fpnotebook.com/

Infection in the Nursing Home Resident

Aka: Infection in the Nursing Home Resident, Signs of Infection in the Nursing Home Resident
  1. See Also
    1. Pneumonia in the Nursing Home
    2. Infections in Older Adults
    3. UTI in Older Adults
    4. Intra-Abdominal Infection in Older Patients
  2. Symptoms
    1. Functional Decline
    2. Altered Level of Consciousness
    3. Confusion or Delirium
    4. Decreased Appetite or reduced food intake
    5. Incontinence
    6. Behavior Change
    7. Uncooperative with Nursing Home staff
    8. Falls
  3. Signs: Fever
    1. Single Temperature >100.0 F (37.8 C)
    2. Repeated Oral Temperatures >99.0 F (37.2 C)
    3. Repeated Rectal Temperatures >99.5 F (37.5 C)
    4. Increase in Temperature > 2.0 F (1.1 C)
  4. Labs: Initial Testing
    1. Complete Blood Count with platelets and differential
      1. White Blood Cell Count >14,000 cells/mm3 or
      2. Total Band Neutrophil Count >1500 cells/mm3 (or 6%)
  5. Labs: As indicated
    1. Urinalysis and Urine Culture
    2. Influenza nasal swab
    3. Gastrointestinal illness
      1. Giardia Antigen
      2. Clostridium difficile Toxin
  6. Imaging: As Indicated
    1. Chest XRay
  7. Management
    1. See Pneumonia in the Nursing Home
    2. Urinary Tract Infection
      1. See UTI in Older Adults
      2. Treat for 7 days in women (10-14 days for men)
    3. Miscellaneous causes
      1. See Infections in Older Adults
      2. See Intra-Abdominal Infection in Older Patients
  8. Precautions
    1. Review Advanced Directives (e.g. POLST, Living Will) prior to evaluation and treatment
    2. Many conditions (e.g. uncomplicated Pneumonia) may be treated without hospitalization
  9. Prevention
    1. Influenza Vaccine annually
      1. Associated with a 43% reduction in Influenza-associated Pneumonia
      2. Monto (2001) Am J Epidemiol 154(2): 155-60 [PubMed]
    2. Pneumococcal Vaccine (Pneumovax 23 AND Prevnar)
      1. Both Pneumovax 23 and Prevnar 13 are recommended for age over 65 years old
  10. References
    1. Casey (2015) Am Fam Physician 92(7): 612-20 [PubMed]
    2. High (2009) Clin Infect Dis 48(2): 149-71 [PubMed]

You are currently viewing the original 'fpnotebook.com\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree