Gastroenterology Book

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Ischiorectal Abscess

Aka: Ischiorectal Abscess
  1. See Also
    1. Perirectal Abscess
  2. Epidemiology
    1. Represents 25% of Perirectal Abscess
  3. Pathophysiology
    1. Perirectal Abscess involving ischiorectal space
    2. Anatomic boundaries
      1. Lateral to external sphincter
      2. Below levator ani
  4. Signs: Low Abscess
    1. See Perirectal Abscess
    2. Infection of fatty tissue below Rectum
    3. Perianal tenderness and swelling 2-3 cm from anal verge
  5. Differential Diagnosis
    1. High Abscess
      1. Pelvirectal Abscess
      2. Intersphincteric Abscess
    2. Low Abscess
      1. Perianal Abscess (immediately adjacent to anal verge)
  6. Radiology: Intrarectal Ultrasound
    1. Evaluation of complex or suspected high abscess
  7. Management
    1. See Perirectal Abscess
    2. Local Incision and Drainage indications
      1. Low abscess without signs of higher spread
      2. Non-toxic appearance
    3. Surgical referral for drainage indications
      1. Signs of fasciitis and deep ischiorectal spread
  8. Complications: Deep spread of infection
    1. Posterior rectal space infection (horseshoe abscess)
    2. High Ischiorectal Abscess
  9. References
    1. Marx (2002) Rosen's Emergency Medicine, p. 1952
    2. Roberts (1998) Procedures, Saunders, p. 649-51

Ischiorectal abscess (C0149816)

Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
ICD10 K61.3
SnomedCT 155795000, 266529008, 36046008
Dutch ischiorectaal abces, abces; ischiorectaal, ischiorectaal; abces, Ischiorectaal abces
French Abcès ischio-rectal
German ischiorektaler Abszess, Ischiorektalabszess
Italian Ascesso ischiorettale
Portuguese Abcesso isquiorrectal
Spanish Absceso isquiorrectal, absceso isquiorrectal (trastorno), absceso isquiorrectal
Japanese 坐骨直腸膿瘍, ザコツチョクチョウノウヨウ
English ischiorectal abscess (diagnosis), ischiorectal abscess, Abscess - ischiorectal, Ischiorectal abscess, Ischiorectal abscess (disorder), abscess; ischiorectal, ischiorectal; abscess
Czech Ischiorektální absces
Korean 궁둥뼈직장 고름집(농양)
Hungarian ischiorectalis tályog
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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