Gastroenterology Book

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Medication Induced Vomiting

Aka: Medication Induced Vomiting, Vomiting due to Medication
  1. See Also
    1. Vomiting
    2. Vomiting Causes
    3. Antiemetics
  2. Causes: Drug Toxicity
    1. Hypervitaminosis
    2. Digoxin Toxicity
    3. Aspirin Toxicity
    4. Acetaminophen Toxicity
    5. Theophylline Toxicity
    6. Alcohol Intoxication
    7. Narcotic Intoxication or Narcotic Withdrawal
    8. Acute Poisonings
      1. Ricin
      2. Arsenic
      3. Organophosphate Poisoning
      4. Pesticides
  3. Causes: Vomiting as Adverse Effect at Therapeutic Dosage
    1. Analgesics
      1. Aspirin (local GI irritation)
      2. NSAIDs (local GI irritation)
      3. Morphine and other Opioids
    2. Cardiovascular medications
      1. Digoxin
      2. Antiarrhythmics
      3. Antihypertensives
        1. Beta Blockers
        2. Calcium Channel Blockers
        3. Diuretics
    3. Dopamine Agonists
      1. L-Dopa
      2. Bromocriptine
    4. Antibiotics
      1. Erythromycin
      2. Tetracycline
      3. Sulfonamides
      4. Antituberculous medications
      5. Acyclovir
    5. Neurologic medications
      1. Antiparkinsonian medications
      2. Anticonvulsants
    6. Chemotherapeutic medications
      1. Severe: Cisplatinum, Dacarbazine, Nitrogen mustard
      2. Moderate: Etoposide, Methotrexate, Cytarabine
      3. Mild: Fluorouracil, Vinblastine, Tamoxifen
    7. Miscellaneous medications and therapies
      1. Estrogens (especially high dose)
      2. Oral Contraceptives
      3. Sulfasalazine
      4. Azathioprine
      5. Radiation Therapy
      6. Oral Hypoglycemic medications
  4. References
    1. Feldman (1998) Sleisenger Gastrointestinal, p. 117-126
    2. Friedman (1991) Medical Diagnosis, Little Brown, p. 174
    3. Heilenbach in Marx (2002) Rosen's Emergency Med, p. 178
    4. Quigley (2001) Gastroenterology 120(1):263-86 [PubMed]

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