Gastroenterology Book

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Viral Gastroenteritis

Aka: Viral Gastroenteritis, Acute Gastroenteritis, Gastroenteritis
  1. See Also
    1. Acute Diarrhea
    2. Chronic Diarrhea
    3. Pediatric Diarrhea
    4. Infectious Diarrhea Causes
    5. Traveler's Diarrhea Management
    6. Traveler's Diarrhea Prophylaxis
    7. Traveler's Diarrhea Prevention
    8. Waterborne Illness
    9. Foodborne Illness
    10. Diarrhea Management in Children
    11. Management of Moderate Diarrhea under age 2 years
    12. Management of Mild Diarrhea under age 2 years
    13. Pediatric Diarrhea Fluid Replacement
    14. Oral Rehydration Solution
  2. Definition: Gastroenteritis
    1. Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (Stomache and Small Intestine)
    2. Typical presentation is Vomiting followed by Diarrhea
  3. Causes: Viral Gastroenteritis
    1. See Infectious Diarrhea Causes
    2. Rotavirus
      1. Most common cause of Gastroenteritis in Children
      2. Fall-Winter outbreaks
      3. Peak ages: 6-24 months
      4. Typical duration 5-7 days
    3. Norovirus (Norwalk Virus)
      1. Most common cause of Gastroenteritis in adults
      2. Winter outbreaks
      3. Affects all ages
      4. Typical duration 2-5 days
      5. Common outbreaks via Foodborne Illness in Nursing Homes, dormitories, cruise ships
    4. Astrovirus
      1. Winter outbreaks
      2. Affects all ages
      3. Typical duration 3 days
    5. Adenovirus
      1. Summer outbreaks
      2. Typicall affects children
      3. Typical duration 6-9 days
  4. Signs: Presentations
    1. See Vomiting
    2. See Vomiting in Children
    3. See Diarrhea
    4. See Diarrhea in Children
  5. Differential Diagnosis
    1. See Vomiting Causes
    2. See Waterborne Illness
    3. See Foodborne Illness
    4. See Infectious Diarrhea Causes
    5. See Diarrhea
    6. See Traveler's Diarrhea
    7. See Osmotic Diarrhea
    8. See Secretory Diarrhea
    9. See Acute Hepatitis Causes
  6. Management
    1. Dehydration
      1. See Oral Rehydration Solution
      2. See Pediatric Dehydration
    2. Vomiting
      1. See Vomiting
      2. See Antiemetic
      3. See Vomiting Management in Children
      4. See Vomiting in Pregnancy
    3. Diarrhea
      1. See Diarrhea
      2. See Traveler's Diarrhea Management
    4. Diarrhea in Children
      1. See Diarrhea Management in Children
      2. See Management of Moderate Diarrhea under age 2 years
      3. See Management of Mild Diarrhea under age 2 years
      4. See Pediatric Diarrhea Fluid Replacement
  7. Prevention
    1. See Traveler's Diarrhea Prophylaxis
    2. See Traveler's Diarrhea Prevention
    3. See Prevention of Foodborne Illness
    4. See Rotavirus Vaccine

Gastroenteritis (C0017160)

Definition (CHV) Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines
Definition (CHV) Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines
Definition (CHV) Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines
Definition (CHV) Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines
Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Have you ever had the "stomach flu?" What you probably had was gastroenteritis - not a type of flu at all. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S. The cause is often a norovirus infection. It spreads through contaminated food or water, and contact with an infected person. The best prevention is frequent hand washing.

Symptoms of gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever and chills. Most people recover with no treatment.

The most common problem with gastroenteritis is dehydration. This happens if you do not drink enough fluids to replace what you lose through vomiting and diarrhea. Dehydration is most common in babies, young children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Definition (MSHCZE) Akutní zánět žaludku a střeva způsobený infekcí nebo dietní chybou (složením, úpravou, množstvím potravy). Často k ní dochází při cestování do exotických oblastí. Projevuje se zvracením a průjmy, které po několika dnech odeznívají. Je vhodné držet dietu a dbát na dostatečný příjem tekutin. Podávají se léky tlumící zvracení a průjem a upravující složení střevní flóry. V některých případech mají podobné příznaky i závažnější nemoci (intoxikace aj.). Srov. gastritida, dyspepsie. (cit. Velký lékařský slovník online, 2013 http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/ )
Definition (NCI) An inflammatory disorder that affects the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. Most commonly, this is attributed to viruses; however bacteria, parasites or adverse reactions can also be the culprit. Symptoms include acute diarrhea and vomiting.
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) Inflammation of the lining of the stomach and the intestines. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps (dull or sharp pains). Gastroenteritis may be caused by infection with bacteria, parasites, or viruses. It may also be caused by food poisoning, allergic reactions, or reactions to certain medicines or foods.
Definition (MSH) INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
Definition (CSP) inflammation of any segment of the gastrointestinal tract from esophagus to rectum; causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, hypersensitivity, drug effects, and cancer.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D005759
ICD10 K52.9
SnomedCT 154278002, 266179001, 197010007, 25374005
English Gastroenteritides, GASTROENTERITIS, gastroenteritis, gastroenteritis (diagnosis), Gastroenteritis, Gastroenteritis NOS, Gastroenteritis [Disease/Finding], gastroenteritis nos, Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and bowel, gastroenteritides, Already mapped above AAHA ID #: 858, Gastrointestinal tract inflamed, GE - Gastroenteritis, Gastroenteritis (disorder), Gastroenteritis, NOS
Portuguese GASTROENTERITE, Gastroenterite NE, Gastroenterite
Spanish GASTROENTERITIS, Gastroenteritis NEOM, gastroenteritis (trastorno), gastroenteritis, Gastroenteritis
Dutch gastro-enteritis NAO, gastro-enteritis, Gastro-enteritis
French Gastro-entérite SAI, GASTRO-ENTERITE, Gastroentérite, Gastro-entérite
German Gastroenteritis NNB, BRECHDURCHFALL, Gastroenteritis
Italian Gastroenterite NAS, Gastroenterite
Japanese 胃腸炎, 胃腸炎NOS, イチョウエン, イチョウエンNOS
Swedish Mag-tarmkatarr
Czech gastroenteritida, Gastroenteritida, Gastroenteritida NOS
Finnish Maha-suolitulehdus
Russian GASTROENTERIT, ГАСТРОЭНТЕРИТ
Croatian GASTROENTERITIS
Polish Nieżyt żołądka i jelit, Zapalenie żołądka i jelit
Hungarian Gastroenteritis, Gastroenteritis k.m.n.
Norwegian Gastroenteritt, Mage-tarm-betennelse
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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