Gastroenterology Book

http://www.fpnotebook.com/

Acute Diarrhea

Aka: Acute Diarrhea, Diarrhea
  1. See Also
    1. Gastroenteritis
    2. Pediatric Diarrhea
    3. Chronic Diarrhea
    4. Infectious Diarrhea Causes
    5. Traveler's Diarrhea Management
    6. Traveler's Diarrhea Prophylaxis
    7. Traveler's Diarrhea Prevention
    8. Waterborne Illness
    9. Foodborne Illness
    10. Medication-Induced Diarrhea
    11. Diarrhea Management in Children
    12. Management of Moderate Diarrhea under age 2 years
    13. Management of Mild Diarrhea under age 2 years
    14. Pediatric Diarrhea Fluid Replacement
    15. Oral Rehydration Solution
    16. Diarrhea in HIV
  2. Definition
    1. Gastroenteritis
      1. Inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (Stomache and Small Intestine)
      2. Typical presentation is Vomiting followed by Diarrhea
      3. Most typically secondary to Viral Gastroenteritis
        1. Can also be caused by Bacteria with ingestion of preformed toxin
    2. Diarrhea
      1. Frequent liquid stools
        1. Adults: >200 g/day of stool (at least 3 Bowel Movements daily)
        2. Children: >20 g/kg/day of stool
      2. Timing
        1. Acute Diarrhea: Duration <2 weeks
        2. Chronic Diarrhea: Duration >4 weeks
          1. Chronic Fatty Diarrhea
          2. Chronic Inflammatory Diarrhea
          3. Chronic Watery Diarrhea
  3. Epidemiology
    1. Foodbourne Diarrhea cases: 48 million/year U.S.
    2. Hospitalizations: 128,000/year U.S
    3. Deaths: 3000/year U.S. (2.5 Million/year worldwide)
  4. Pathophysiology
    1. Small Intestine secretes and reabsorbs 10 liters/day
      1. Extrusion of Chloride from villus crypt cell (cAMP)
      2. Absorption at villus tip
    2. Diarrhea classified as:
      1. Watery Diarrhea
        1. Secretory Diarrhea
          1. Stool Sodium high (60-120 meq/L)
          2. Hypersecretion by intestinal crypts
        2. Osmotic Diarrhea (osmotic loss of free water)
          1. Stool Sodium low (30-40 meq/L)
          2. Ingestion of non-digestable agents that draw water from the bowel wall
      2. Inflammatory Diarrhea
        1. Severe Diarrhea with pus or blood present in the stool
        2. Associated with fever, Abdominal Pain and tenesmus
      3. Fatty Diarrhea (Malabsorption)
        1. See Chronic Diarrhea
        2. Large greasy, frothy pale stools with foul odor
    3. Serum Electrolyte loss
      1. Serum Bicarbonate loss
      2. Serum Potassium loss
  5. Causes: Acute Vomiting (Gastroenteritis)
    1. See Vomiting Causes
    2. See Foodborne Illness
    3. Severe Emergency Department cases in adults
      1. Norovirus (26%)
      2. Rotavirus (18%)
      3. Salmonella (5.3%)
      4. Bresee (2012) J Infect Dis 205 (9): 1374-81 [PubMed]
  6. Causes: Acute Diarrhea
    1. Noninfectious Causes
      1. See Osmotic Diarrhea
      2. See Secretory Diarrhea
      3. Common Causes
        1. Intestinal Obstruction
        2. Toxic Ingestions
        3. Inflammatory and Allergic Conditions
    2. Extra-intestinal infections
      1. Otitis Media
      2. Sepsis
      3. Sexually Transmitted Disease
    3. Infectious Diarrhea Causes
      1. See Infectious Diarrhea Causes
      2. See Foodborne Illness
      3. See Waterborne Illness
      4. Viruses (30-40% of episodes)
        1. Norovirus (90% of non-Bacterial diarhea)
        2. Rotavirus
      5. Bacteria and Parasites (20-30% of episodes)
        1. Inflammatory Diarrhea from Bacteria and Parasites
          1. Campylobacter jejuni (most common Bacteria)
          2. Salmonella
          3. Shigella
          4. Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (e.g. E. coli 0157:H7, Enterohemorrhagic E. coli)
            1. Causes 30% of infectious bloody Diarrhea
          5. Clostridium difficile
          6. Entamoeba histolytica
          7. Yersinia
        2. Non-inflammatory Diarrhea from Bacteria and Parasites
          1. Enterotoxigenic E. coli
          2. Clostridium perfringens
          3. Bacillus cereus
          4. Staphylococcus aureus
          5. Giardia
          6. Cryptosporidium
          7. Vibrio Cholerae
  7. Risk Factors
    1. See Chronic Diarrhea for systemic medical condition causes of Diarrhea
    2. See Infectious Diarrhea Causes
    3. Recent travel to endemic area
      1. See Traveler's Diarrhea
      2. Travel to a developing area is associated with a 25% chance of developing Diarrhea
      3. Those with Diarrhea in a developing area have an 80% chance of Bacterial diarrhea
    4. Food associated illness
      1. See Foodborne Illness
      2. Associated with raw meats, poultry, fish, seafood, milk, rice
    5. Wilderness travel (or in developing country)
      1. See Waterborne Illness
      2. Hiking in wilderness areas (especially drinking from mountain streams)
      3. Consider Giardia, Entamoeba histolytica, Cryptospordium
    6. Day care exposure
      1. Consider Rotavirus, Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Shigella
    7. High-risk sexual behavior
      1. See Infectious Diarrhea Causes
      2. Fecal-oral sexual contact: Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Protozoa
      3. Receptive anal intercourse: Herpes Simplex Virus, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis
    8. Antibiotic use within 6 months or recent hospitalizations
      1. See Clostridium difficile
      2. C. Difficile Incidence in unexplained Diarrhea after 3 or more day hospitalization: 15-20%
      3. Risk of infection after antibiotics in first month (7-10 fold increased risk)
        1. Risk persists more than 3 months after antibiotics (2-3 fold increased risk)
      4. Consider Klebsiella oxytoca (uncommon)
        1. Like Clostridium difficile, causes Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea, that may be hemorrhagic
        2. Improves after stopping antibiotics and NSAIDs
    9. Immunosuppression (e.g. HIV Infection, Chemotherapy, longterm Corticosteroids, Immunoglobulin A Deficiency)
      1. See Diarrhea in HIV
      2. Consider Cryptosporidium, Microsporida, Isospora, Cytomegalovirus
      3. Consider Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare complex, Listeria monocytogenes
  8. History: Diarrhea
    1. See Vomiting
    2. Stool size
      1. Frequent small volume stools
        1. Large Bowel
      2. Frequent large volume stools
        1. Small Bowel
    3. Stool consistency
      1. Rice-water stools (Vibrio Cholerae)
    4. Provocative agents
      1. Foods
      2. Milk
      3. Sorbitol
      4. New medications (see Medication-Induced Diarrhea)
    5. Inflammatory Diarrhea associated findings
      1. Blood or mucous present in stool
      2. Fever (typically absent in Shiga-toxin producing E. coli 0157:H7)
      3. Abdominal Pain
      4. Tenesmus (or Rectal Pain or Proctitis)
    6. Other associated findings
      1. Paresthesias (consider Neurotoxin such as Ciquatera toxin)
    7. Acute symptoms in multiple people with same food exposure (Preformed toxins)
      1. See Foodborne Illness
      2. Symptom onset within 6 hours (presents with Vomiting)
        1. Staphylococcus aureus (often from cold mayonnaise-based salads)
        2. Bacillus Cereus (meats, rice)
      3. Symptom onset within 8-16 hours (presents with Diarrhea)
        1. Clostridium perfringens (Cooked meats)
  9. Symptoms
    1. Fever
      1. Campylobacter
      2. Salmonella
      3. Shigella
      4. Yersinia
      5. May also occur with Clostridium difficile and Entamoeba histolytica
    2. Abdominal Pain
      1. Campylobacter
      2. Salmonella
      3. Shigella
      4. Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (e.g. E. coli 0157:H7, Enterohemorrhagic E. coli)
      5. Yersinia
      6. Giardia
      7. Norovirus
      8. May also occur with Clostridium difficile and Entamoeba histolytica
    3. Nausea or Vomiting
      1. Shigella
      2. Norovirus
      3. Also occur with Campylobacter, Salmonella, E. coli 0157:H7, Yersinia, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, Giardia
    4. Bloody stool
      1. Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (e.g. E. coli 0157:H7, Enterohemorrhagic E. coli)
        1. Causes 30% of infectious bloody Diarrhea
      2. May also occur with Campylobacter, Clostridium difficile, Salmonella, Shigella, Yersinia
  10. Exam
    1. See Vomiting
    2. Evaluate for signs of dehydration
      1. Tachycardia
      2. Dry mucous membranes
      3. Decreased urine output
      4. Altered Level of Consciousness
    3. Eye Exam
      1. Episcleritis
        1. Consider Inflammatory Bowel Disease such as Reiters Syndrome
    4. Thyroid exam
    5. Skin Exam
      1. Erythema Nodosum
        1. Consider Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    6. Abdominal exam
      1. Benign Abdomen despite severe pain
        1. Consider Mesenteric Ischemia (especially if grossly bloody stool)
      2. Bowel sounds
        1. Hyperactive bowel sounds
          1. Typical in Diarrheal illness
        2. Hypoactive bowel sounds
          1. Bowel Obstruction
    7. Rectal exam
      1. Anal Fissures
        1. Consider Inflammatory Bowel Disease
      2. Bloody stool (occult or gross)
        1. Consistent with acute inflammatory Diarrhea
        2. Concurrent fever, Abdominal Pain, tenesmus also suggest acute inflammatory Diarrhea
        3. Consider Inflammatory Bowel Disease
        4. Consider Mesenteric Ischemia
  11. Labs
    1. See specific tests for indications
    2. Precautions
      1. Labs are expensive and do not alter management in most cases (in the United States)
      2. Directed history and exam are most useful
    3. Labs not routinely performed unless specifically indicated
      1. Fecal Leukocytes
        1. Stool Guaiac has the same Positive Predictive Value to identify Bacterial diarrhea
        2. Bloody stool without Fecal Leukocytes suggests E coli 0157:H7 or Entamoeba histolytica
      2. Stool Culture
        1. Expensive and very low test senstitivity (5%)
        2. Indications
          1. Toxic appearance
          2. Prolonged Diarrhea >4 days
          3. Blood or pus in stool (or other signs of inflammatory Diarrhea)
          4. Immunocompromised patients
      3. Ova and Parasites
        1. Low yield (requires multiple samples)
        2. Specific Stool Parasite antigens are preferred with better accuracy
        3. Indications
          1. Travel to developing countries
          2. Watery Diarrhea >7 days
      4. Clostridium difficile Toxin A and B
        1. Follows hospitalization for >3 days or
        2. Antibiotic use within prior 3 months
    4. Labs performed as indicated
      1. Stool antigens
        1. Giardia lamblia antigen
          1. Indicated for Diarrhea >7 days and >10 stools/day
        2. Cryptosporidium antigen
          1. Immunocompromised patients
        3. Clostridium difficile Toxin
          1. Indicated if recent antibiotics or hospitalization
        4. Rotavirus antigen
          1. Indicated for defining local outbreak
      2. Medication levels
        1. Theophylline level
        2. Lithium level
      3. Serum electrolytes (basic metabolic panel)
        1. Normal in 99% of young, healthy adults with Acute Gastroenteritis in the first 24 hours
          1. Olshaker (1989) Ann Emerg Med 18(3): 258-60 [PubMed]
        2. Indications
          1. Prolonged Diarrhea
          2. Dehydration requiring IV fluids
          3. Toxic or ill appearance
          4. Serious comorbid condition
        3. Findings
          1. Hyponatremia
          2. Hypernatremia
          3. Metabolic Acidosis
          4. Hypoglycemia
  12. Evaluation: Labs for specific presentations
    1. See Labs and Endoscopy below
    2. Inflammatory Diarrhea or Dysentery
      1. Stool Cultures (SSCE)
        1. Salmonella
        2. Shigella
        3. Campylobacter
        4. Escherichia coli 0157:H7 (STEC: Shiga Toxin E coli)
          1. Shiga Toxin (if bloody stool)
          2. Avoid antimicrobial agents
      2. Clostridium difficile Toxins
        1. Indicated for recent antibiotics or Chemotherapy
      3. Consider antibiotic coverage (if not STEC)
        1. Quinolone if suspected Shigellosis
        2. Macrolide for suspected Campylobacter
    3. Nosocomial Diarrhea (after 3 days of hospitalization)
      1. Clostridium difficile Toxins
      2. Consider SSCE culture (especially if nosocomial outbreak, age over 65 years, comorbidity or immunocompromised)
      3. Discontinue antibiotics if possible
      4. Consider Flagyl if worsens or persists
    4. Persistent Diarrhea >7 days (esp. immunocompromised)
      1. Fecal Lactoferrin (preferred over Fecal Leukocytes)
      2. Parasitic Infection evaluation
        1. Giardia
        2. Cryptosporidium
        3. Cyclospora
        4. Isospora belli
    5. Immunocompromised
      1. See Diarrhea in HIV
      2. Consider Clostridium difficile Toxin (especially if recent antibiotics or hospitalization)
      3. Consider SSCE Stool Culture (especially if inflammatory Diarrhea)
      4. Consider Parasitic Infections (e.g. Cryptosporidium, especially if present >7 days)
      5. Consider other opportunistic infections (especially in HIV positive patients)
        1. Microsporidia
        2. Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare Complex
        3. Cytomegalovrius
  13. Evaluation: Endoscopy
    1. Indications
      1. Unclear diagnosis with persistent symptoms
      2. Suspected Tuberculosis
      3. Diffuse colitis (e.g. Clostridium difficile)
      4. Noninfectious Diarrhea cause evaluation
      5. Does not distinguish Infectious from Inflammatory Diarrhea
    2. Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
      1. Lesions in Distal 15 cm in homosexual men
      2. Herpes Virus
      3. NeisseriaGonorrhea
        1. Nonspecific findings limited to Rectum
        2. Biopsy and Culture show superficial exudates
      4. Syphilis
        1. Rectal Papules, Chancres, and ulcers
      5. Chlamydia (Lymphogranuloma venereum)
        1. Similar to Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  14. Management: Vomiting
    1. See Vomiting
    2. See Antiemetic
    3. See Vomiting Management in Children
    4. See Vomiting in Pregnancy
  15. Management: General
    1. See Diarrhea Management in Children
    2. Electrolyte solutions containing Glucose (not Artificial Sweetener)
      1. Glucose assists with water reabsorption
      2. Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) is preferred but may not be tolerated well
        1. See Oral Rehydration Solution
        2. Pedialyte, Rehydrate or Infalyte in children
      3. Gatorade or similar
        1. May be used as alternative (but not ideally formulated to match Diarrheal losses)
        2. Requires 1:1 dilution with water to half strength
    3. Dietary guidance
      1. Early reintroduction of food is recommended
        1. Decreases Diarrhea severity and duration
        2. Restores nutritional status earlier
        3. Duggan (1997) J Pediatr 131(6): 801-8 [PubMed]
      2. BRAT diet
        1. Includes Bananas, rice, apple sauce, toast, soup, crackers
        2. Reasonable and non-harmful, but not evidence-based
      3. Avoid provocative agents that worsen Diarrhea
        1. Caffeine
        2. Sorbitol
        3. Lactose and dairy products
          1. Typically restricted with Diarrheal illness, but not an evidence-based recommendation
    4. Adjunctive measures
      1. Probiotics
        1. Show benefit in Pediatric Diarrhea, but not verified in adults
      2. Zinc
        1. Effective in reducing severity of Pediatric Diarrhea in developing countries, but not evaluated in adults in U.S.
    5. Antidiarrheal medications
      1. Loperamide (Imodium)
        1. Do not use Loperamide if fever or bloody stool are present (inflammatory Diarrhea)
      2. Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol)
        1. May be used in inflammatory Diarrhea
        2. Contraindicated in children
  16. Management: Antibiotics
    1. Use is controversial with potentially serious complications (e.g. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome)
    2. Advantages
      1. Antibiotics appear to shorten Diarrhea course by 24 hours
      2. Effect is regardless of stool guiaic, fecal Leukocyte or Stool Culture result
    3. Disadvantages
      1. Increased Antibiotic Resistance
      2. Increased risk of prolonged carrier state with certain infections (e.g. Salmonella)
      3. Increased risk of developing Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome with E. coli 0157:H7
      4. Increased risk of Clostridium difficile
    4. Contraindications
      1. Grossly bloody Diarrhea or other signs of Escherichia coli 0157:H7 (STEC: Shiga Toxin E coli)
    5. Indications
      1. Findings suggestive of Bacterial diarrhea
        1. Guiaic positive stool (not grossly bloody stool)
        2. Fecal Leukocyte positive
      2. Overseas travel
      3. Diarrheal illness lasting longer than 10-14 days
      4. Immunocompromised patients
      5. Severe illness or Sepsis
      6. Age over 65 years old
    6. Empiric Antibiotics
      1. Ciprofloxacin
        1. Empiric dose: 500 to 1000 mg once or 500 mg twice daily for 3 days
        2. Preferred agent for E. coli (ETEC, EIEC), Shigella
        3. Also covers Campylobacter, Salmonella, Yersinia, Cryptosporidium
      2. Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (Septra, Bactrim)
        1. Empiric dose: One twice daily for 3-5 days
        2. Preferred agent for Cyclospora or Isospora
        3. Also covers E. coli (ETEC, EIEC), Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio Cholerae, Yersinia (Septra has higher resistance rates)
      3. Azithromycin
        1. Empiric dose: 500 mg daily for 3 days
        2. Preferred agent for Campylobacter
        3. Also covers E. coli (ETEC), Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio Cholerae
    7. Other antibiotics used for specific indications
      1. Metronidazole
        1. Preferred agent for Clostridium difficile, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia
      2. Doxycycline
        1. Preferred agent for Vibrio Cholerae
        2. Also covers Yersinia (when combined with an Aminoglycoside)
    8. Antiparasitic agents used for specific indications
      1. See Metronidazole indications above
      2. Albendazole (Albenza)
        1. Preferred agent for Microsporida
      3. Tindazole (Tindazole)
        1. Covers Entamoeba histolytica (when treated in combination with Paromomycin)
        2. Also covers Giardia
      4. Nitazoxanide (Alinia)
        1. Covers Cryptosporidium
  17. Management: Admission Criteria
    1. Severe Diarrhea with difficulty maintaining hydration
    2. Very young or very old
    3. Severe comorbid illness
    4. Severe pain
    5. High fever
    6. Intractable Vomiting
  18. Prevention
    1. See Water Disinfection
    2. See Traveler's Diarrhea Prevention
    3. See Foodborne Illness Prevention
    4. Hand washing
      1. Decreases Infectious DiarrheaIncidence by one third
      2. Ejemot (2008) Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1):CD004265 [PubMed]
    5. Vaccinations
      1. Rotavirus (part of Primary Series in U.S.)
      2. Typhoid Fever (frequently required for overseas Travel Immunizations)
      3. Cholera
  19. References
    1. Majoewsky (2012) EM:RAP-C3 2(4): 2
    2. Barr (2014) Am Fam Physician 89(3): 180-9 [PubMed]
    3. Guerrant (2001) Clin Infect Dis 32:331-48 [PubMed]
    4. Scallen (2011) Emerg Infect Dis 17(1): 7-15 [PubMed]

Diarrhea (C0011991)

Definition (CCC) Abnormal frequency and fluidity of feces
Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Diarrhea means that you have loose, watery stools more than three times in one day. You may also have cramps, bloating, nausea and an urgent need to have a bowel movement.

Causes of diarrhea include bacteria, viruses or parasites, certain medicines, food intolerances and diseases that affect the stomach, small intestine or colon. In many cases, no cause can be found.

Although usually not harmful, diarrhea can become dangerous or signal a more serious problem. You should talk to your doctor if you have a strong pain in your abdomen or rectum, a fever, blood in your stools, severe diarrhea for more than three days or symptoms of dehydration. If your child has diarrhea, do not hesitate to call the doctor for advice. Diarrhea can be dangerous in children.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Definition (NCI) Watery bowel movements.(NICHD)
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) Frequent and watery bowel movements.
Definition (NCI_CTCAE) A disorder characterized by frequent and watery bowel movements.
Definition (NAN) Passage of loose, unformed stools
Definition (MSH) An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Definition (CSP) increased liquidity or decreased consistency of feces, such as running stool; fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present; diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Concepts Sign or Symptom (T184)
MSH D003967
ICD9 787.91
ICD10 R19.7
SnomedCT 267060006, 162108007, 162103003, 267061005, 139383004, 162105005, 139381002, 300388003, 62315008
LNC MTHU013347, LA15424-7
English Diarrheas, DIARRHOEA, STOOLS LOOSE, Diarrhea symptom NOS, Diarrhea symptoms, Diarrhoea symptom NOS, Diarrhoea symptoms, diarrhea, diarrhea (symptom), Diarrhea NOS, Diarrhoea NOS, Diarrhea, unspecified, Diarrhea [Disease/Finding], rndx diarrhea (diagnosis), rndx diarrhea, loose bowel motion, watery stools, bowels loose movement, watery stool, bowel loose movements, diarrheas, Runs(diarrhoea), diarrhea symptoms, diarrhea running, loose bowel movement, diarrhoea symptoms, symptoms diarrhea, The runs, The trots, Diarrhoea (finding), Diarrhea symptom NOS (finding), Finding of diarrhea (finding), Diarrhoea (disorder), Finding of diarrhoea, Finding of diarrhea, Diarrhoea symptoms (finding), Loose stools, DIARRHEA, Diarrhoea, D - Diarrhea, D - Diarrhoea, Loose bowel movement, Loose bowel motions, Observation of diarrhea, Observation of diarrhoea, Diarrhea (finding), Diarrhea, NOS, Diarrhea symptoms (finding), Diarrhea, Runs(diarrhea), diarrhoea, runs(diarrhea), runs(diarrhoea), Diarrhea symptom NOS (context-dependent category), Diarrhea symptoms (context-dependent category), Diarrhea symptom (finding), Diarrhea symptom, Diarrhoea symptom
French DIARRHEE, Diarrhée SAI, SELLES LIQUIDES, Diarrhée
Portuguese DIARREIA, Diarreia NE, FEZES LIQUIDAS, Diarreia
Spanish DIARREA, síntoma de diarrea (hallazgo), síntoma de diarrea, Diarrea NEOM, síntoma de diarrea, SAI (categoría dependiente del contexto), síntomas de diarrea (categoría dependiente del contexto), síntomas de diarrea, HECES BLANDAS, síntoma de diarrea, SAI, síntoma de diarrea, SAI (hallazgo), hallazgo de diarrea (hallazgo), hallazgo de diarrea, diarrea (hallazgo), diarrea, Diarrea
Dutch diarree NAO, diarree, Diarree
German Diarrhoe NNB, DURCHFALL, STUHLERWEICHUNG, Diarrhoe, Durchfall
Italian Diarrea NAS, Crisi diarroica, Diarrea
Japanese 下痢, 下痢NOS, ゲリ, ゲリNOS
Swedish Diarre
Czech diarea, průjem, Průjem NOS, Průjem
Finnish Ripuli
Russian DIAREIA, ДИАРЕЯ
Croatian PROLJEV
Polish Biegunka, Rozwolnienie
Hungarian Diarrhoea, Diarrhoea k.m.n., Hasmenés, Hasmenés k.m.n.
Norwegian Diaré
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Acute diarrhea (C0740441)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
SnomedCT 409966000
Dutch acute diarree
French Diarrhée aiguë
German akute Diarrhoe
Italian Diarrea acuta
Portuguese Diarreia aguda
Spanish Diarrea aguda, diarrea aguda (trastorno), diarrea aguda
Czech Akutní průjem
Japanese 急性下痢, キュウセイゲリ
English acute diarrhea, Acute diarrhea, Acute diarrhoea, Acute diarrhea (disorder), Diarrhea;acute, Diarrhoea;acute, acute diarrhoea
Hungarian Acut hasmenés
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


You are currently viewing the original 'fpnotebook.com\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree