Endocrinology Book

http://www.fpnotebook.com/

Carbohydrate Count

Aka: Carbohydrate Count, Carbohydrate Counting
  1. See Also
    1. Glycemic Index
    2. Carbohydrate Count in Insulin Dosing
    3. Nutrition in Diabetes Mellitus
    4. Nutrition in Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
    5. Nutrition in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
  2. General
    1. Total carbohydrate is most important
      1. Source is not critical (sugar is no longer taboo)
      2. All carbohydrates raise Blood Sugar equally
    2. Balance and good nutrition is still needed
      1. See Nutrition in Diabetes Mellitus
  3. Protocol: Basic Carbohydrate Counting
    1. Each 15 gram serving of carbohydrate raises BG 50 mg/dl
    2. Each meal has 3-4 carbohydrate servings (45-60 grams)
      1. Weight loss needed
        1. Women: 2-3 carbs/meal
        2. Men: 3-4 carbs/meal
      2. Weight maintenance (1500-2000 cals)
        1. Women: 3-4 carbs/meal
        2. Men: 4-5 carbs/meal
      3. Very active
        1. Women: 4-5 carbs/meal
        2. Men: 4-6 carbs/meal
    3. Examples of 15 gram carbohydrate servings
      1. One slice bread (1 oz)
      2. One half cup peas
      3. One cup squash
      4. One half-cup potato
    4. Examples of foods with high carbohydrates counts
      1. One 4 oz bagel is worth 4 carbohydrates (60 grams)
      2. Low fat yogurt (8 oz), sweetened, fruit: 2-3 carbs
      3. Bean burrito is worth 3 carbohydrates (45 grams)
    5. Plate method (9 inch plate)
      1. 50% of plate can be carbohydrates
        1. Grains, beans and starches
        2. Milk and yogurt
      2. 25% of plate is composed of vegetables
      3. 25% of plate is composed of meat, fish, eggs, cheese
  4. Protocol: Carbohydrate Counting special topics
    1. Fiber content
      1. Subtract fiber carbohydrate grams if > 5 grams
    2. Glycemic Index
      1. Some value, but all carbohydrates raise Blood Sugar
      2. Low Glycemic Index diets lower Hemoglobin A1C by 0.4%
    3. Sugar Alcohols (poor absorption)
      1. Fewer calories than sugar (2 calories per gram)
      2. GI upset if more than 10 grams in food item
      3. Subtract 1/2 sugar Alcohol grams
    4. Alcohol lowers Blood Glucose
      1. Drink with food to prevent Hypoglycemia
  5. Resources: Links
    1. Carbohydrate Counter
      1. http://www.carbohydrate-counter.org
    2. Nutrition Facts and Calorie Counter
      1. http://www.nutritiondata.com
  6. Resources: Books
    1. Netzer (2011) Complete Book of Food Counts
      1. Paid link to Amazon.com (ISBN 0440245613)
    2. Holzmeister (2010) Diabetes Carbohydrate .. Gram Guide
      1. Paid link to Amazon.com (ISBN 1580403409)

Carbohydrate counting (C1562940)

Concepts Health Care Activity (T058)
SnomedCT 416576000
English Carbohydrate counting (regime/therapy), Carbohydrate counting
Spanish recuento de carbohidratos (régimen/tratamiento), recuento de carbohidratos, recuento de hidratos de carbono
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


You are currently viewing the original 'fpnotebook.com\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree