Endocrinology Book

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Obesity Measurement

Aka: Obesity Measurement, Obesity Screening
  1. See Also
    1. Obesity
    2. Obesity in Children
    3. Obesity Evaluation
    4. Obesity Risk (or Obesity Comorbid Conditions)
    5. Obesity Management
    6. Obesity Medication
    7. Dietary Supplements in Obesity
    8. Exercise in Obesity
    9. Obesity Resources
  2. Exam: Most useful Measurements
    1. Body Mass Index (BMI)
    2. Anthropometry
      1. Waist-to-Hip Ratio
      2. Waist Circumference
  3. Exam: Other Measurements
    1. Skin-fold measurement
      1. Very operator dependent
      2. Normal subcutaneous fat
        1. Men: 11%
        2. Women: 18%
    2. Underwater weighing
      1. Gold standard
      2. Dependent on bone density
    3. Bioelectrical impedance
      1. Safe, noninvasive, fairly reliable
      2. Dependent on hydration
  4. Resources
    1. Frank (1998) J Am Diet Assoc 98:S44-48 [PubMed]
    2. Lyznicki (2001) Am Fam Physician 63(11):2185-96 [PubMed]
    3. Rippe (1998) J Am Diet Assoc 98:S9-15 [PubMed]
    4. Speer (1997) Phys Sportsmed 25:94-107 [PubMed]
    5. (1998) AOA Treatment Adult Obesity, 2nd edition
    6. (1998) Obesity Res 6(suppl 2):51S-209S

Obesity (C0028754)

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person's weight is greater than what's considered healthy for his or her height.

Obesity occurs over time when you eat more calories than you use. The balance between calories-in and calories-out differs for each person. Factors that might affect your weight include your genetic makeup, overeating, eating high-fat foods, and not being physically active.

Being obese increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, and some cancers. If you are obese, losing even 5 to 10 percent of your weight can delay or prevent some of these diseases. For example, that means losing 10 to 20 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) A condition marked by an abnormally high, unhealthy amount of body fat.
Definition (NCI_CTCAE) A disorder characterized by having a high amount of body fat.
Definition (NCI) Having a high amount of body fat (body mass index [BMI] of 30 or more).
Definition (CSP) excessively high accumulation of body fat or adipose tissue in relation to lean body mass; the amount of body fat (or adiposity) includes concern for both the distribution of fat throughout the body and the size of the adipose tissue deposits; individuals are usually at high clinical risk because of excess amount of body fat (BMI greater than 30).
Definition (MSH) A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D009765
ICD9 278.00
ICD10 E66, E66.9
SnomedCT 5476005, 154776002, 190963004, 414916001, 414915002
LNC LA6301-1
English Obesity, Obesity, unspecified, OBESITY, obesity (diagnosis), obesity, Obesity NOS, Obesity [Disease/Finding], obese, adiposity, Obesity, NOS, Obesity [Ambiguous], Obese, Obese (finding), Obesity (disorder)
French OBESITE, Obésité, non précisée, Obésité
Portuguese OBESIDADE, Obesidade NE, Obesidade
Spanish OBESIDAD, Obesidad no especificada, obesidad (trastorno), obesidad, obeso (hallazgo), obeso, Obesidad
Dutch obesitas niet-gespecificeerd, Vetzucht, niet gespecificeerd, zwaarlijvigheid, Adipositas, Vetzucht
German Fettleibigkeit, unspezifisch, ADIPOSITAS, Adipositas, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Adipositas, Fettsucht, Obesitas
Italian Obesità, non specificata, Obesità
Japanese 肥満, 肥満、詳細不明, ヒマン, ヒマンショウサイフメイ
Swedish Fetma
Czech obezita, Obezita, blíže neurčená, Obezita, otylost
Finnish Lihavuus
Russian OZHIRENIE, ОЖИРЕНИЕ
Korean 상세불명의 비만, 비만
Polish Otyłość
Hungarian Obesitas, nem meghatározott, Obesitas
Croatian Gojaznost, Pretilost
Norwegian Fedme
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Obesity screen (C0740216)

Concepts Therapeutic or Preventive Procedure (T061)
SnomedCT 171192001, 148407009, 268551005
English Obesity screen, screening obesity, obesity screening, Weight screen (& [obesity]) (procedure), Weight screen (& [obesity]), Weight screen, Obesity screening (procedure), Obesity screening
Spanish cribado para obesidad, detección selectiva de obesidad (procedimiento), screening de obesidad, cribaje para obesidad, pesquisa para obesidad, rastreo para obesidad, detección selectiva para obesidad, screening para obesidad, tamizaje de obesidad, cribado para la detección de obesidad, tamizaje para obesidad, cribado de obesidad, cribado para la detección de obesidad (procedimiento), pesquisa de obesidad, detección selectiva de obesidad
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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