Emergency Medicine Book


Toxin Induced Vital Sign Changes

Aka: Toxin Induced Vital Sign Changes
  1. See Also
    1. Toxin Induced Bradycardia
    2. Toxin Induced Tachycardia
    3. Toxin Induced Hypertension
    4. Accidental Poisoning Causes
    5. Altered Level of Consciousness
    6. Date Rape Drug
    7. Medication Dosing Errors in Children
    8. Toxin Induced Skin Changes
    9. Toxin Induced Neurologic Changes
    10. Toxin Induced Odors
    11. Eye Examination Signs of Chemical Dependency
  2. Causes: Hypothermia (Mnemonic=COOLS)
    1. Carbon Monoxide
    2. Opiates
    3. Oral Hypoglycemics or Insulin
    4. Liquor (Alcohol)
    5. Sedative Hypnotics
  3. Causes: Hyperthermia (Mnemonic=NASA)
    1. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome or nicotine
    2. Antihistamines
    3. Salicylates or Sympathomimetics
    4. Anticholinergics or Antidepressants
  4. Causes: Bradycardia (Mnemonic=PACED)
    1. See Toxin Induced Bradycardia
    2. Propranolol or Poppies (Opiates)
    3. Anticholinesterase drugs
    4. Clonidine or Calcium Channel Blockers
    5. Ethanol
    6. Digoxin
  5. Causes: Tachycardia (Mnemonic=FAST)
    1. See Toxin Induced Tachycardia
    2. Free Base (Cocaine)
    3. Anticholinergics, Antihistamines or Amphetamines
    4. Sympathomimetics or Solvent abuse
    5. Theophylline
  6. Causes: Hypotension (Mnemonic=CRASH)
    1. Clonidine, Calcium Channel Blockers
    2. Reserpine (Antihypertensive agents)
    3. Antidepressants, Aminophylline
    4. Sedative Hypnotics (e.g. Benzodiazepines)
    5. Heroin (and Opiates)
  7. Causes: Hypertension (Mnemonic=CTSCAN)
    1. See Toxin Induced Hypertension
    2. Cocaine
    3. Thyroid Supplements
    4. Sympathomimetics
    5. Caffeine
    6. Anticholinergics, Amphetamines
    7. Nicotine
  8. Causes: Hypoventilation (Mnemonic=SLOW)
    1. Sedative hypnotics
    2. Liquor (Alcohol)
    3. Opiates
    4. Weed (Marijuana)
  9. Causes: Hyperventilation (Mnemonic=PANT)
    1. Phencyclidine (PCP) or Pneumonitis (Chemical)
    2. Aspirin (Salicylates)
    3. Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema
    4. Toxic Metabolic Acidosis

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