Emergency Medicine Book

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Arsenic

Aka: Arsenic
  1. Pathophysiology
    1. Ingestion of Arsenic (found in Insect poisons)
  2. Symptoms
    1. Nausea or Vomiting
    2. Abdominal Pain
    3. Diarrhea
    4. Headache
    5. Vertigo
    6. Fatigue
    7. Paresthesia
    8. Paralysis
    9. Mental Impairment
  3. Signs
    1. Mottled brown skin
    2. Hyperkeratosis of palms and soles
    3. Cutis edema
    4. Transverse striate Leukonychia
    5. Perforation of nasal septum
    6. Eyelid Edema
    7. Coryza
    8. Limb paralysis
    9. Reduced Deep Tendon Reflexes
  4. Labs
    1. Urinalysis
      1. Oliguria
      2. Hematuria
      3. Hemoglobinuria
    2. Complete Blood Count and Peripheral Smear
      1. Macrocytic Anemia
    3. Tissue Exam reveals Arsenic deposits
      1. Urine
      2. Nails
      3. Hair

Arsenic (C0003818)

Definition (CHV) A poisonous chemical used to kill weeds and pests
Definition (CHV) A poisonous chemical used to kill weeds and pests
Definition (CHV) A poisonous chemical used to kill weeds and pests
Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Arsenic is a natural element found in soil and minerals. Arsenic compounds are used to preserve wood, as pesticides, and in some industries. Arsenic can get into air, water, and the ground from wind-blown dust. It may also get into water from runoff.

You may be exposed to arsenic by

  • Taking in small amounts in food, water or air
  • Breathing sawdust or burning smoke from arsenic-treated wood
  • Living in an area with high levels of arsenic in rock
  • Working in a job where arsenic is made or used

Exposure to arsenic can cause many health problems. Being exposed to low levels for a long time can change the color of your skin. It can cause corns and small warts. Exposure to high levels of arsenic can cause death.

Agency for Toxic Substances Disease Registry

Definition (MSHCZE) Arsenicum, As (Z=33, Ar=74,9216). Prvek V.A skup. period. soustavy. Má více modifikací. Nejč. jako stříbřitě šedý kov, další modif. je žlutý a černý a. Slouč. velmi jedovaté, zejm. oxid arsenitý (arsenik čili otrušík, zvaný též jed Borgiů) a plynný arsenovodík (páchne po česneku). V soudním lékař. slouží k důkazu a. Marshova zkouška. Slouč. působí toxicky na kardiovask. systém, GIT, CNS, ledviny, játra, kůži. Má též karcinogenní a teratogenní úč. Dříve se slouč. a. užívalo k léčbě syfilis (Salvarsan). Slouč. a. byly známy již ve starověku, čistý připravil r. 1250 Němec Albertus Magnus. (cit. Velký lékařský slovník online, 2013 http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/ )
Definition (NCI) An element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 74.92.
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) A poisonous chemical used to kill weeds and pests. Also used in cancer therapy.
Definition (MSH) A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Definition (CSP) widely distributed element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75; occurs mostly in the form of metallic arsenides; most forms are toxic and carcinogenic.
Concepts Hazardous or Poisonous Substance (T131) , Element, Ion, or Isotope (T196)
MSH D001151
SnomedCT 413576005, 47809000
LNC LP16802-8, MTHU004556
English Arsenic, As, Arsenic [Chemical/Ingredient], arsenic (As), arsenics, ARSENIC, As element, arsenic, As - Arsenic, Arsenic (substance), Arsenic, NOS, Arsenic product (product), Arsenic product
Swedish Arsenik
Czech arsen, arzén
Finnish Arseeni
Russian MYSH'IAK, МЫШЬЯК
Croatian ARSEN
Latvian Arsēns
Polish Arsen
Norwegian Arsen
Portuguese Arsênio, Arsênico
Spanish arsénico (sustancia), arsénico, producto con arsénico (producto), producto con arsénico, Arsénico
French Arsenic
German Arsen
Italian Arsenico
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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