Emergency Medicine Book

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Medications Predisposing to Heat Illness

Aka: Medications Predisposing to Heat Illness, Drugs Predisposing to Heat Illness
  1. See Also
    1. Heat Illness
    2. Heat Illness Risk Factors
  2. Causes: Sympathomimetics (alpha adrenergic agonists)
    1. Methamphetamine
    2. Amphetamines
    3. Epinephrine
    4. Ephedrine
    5. Ephedra-containing supplements
    6. Cocaine
    7. Norepinephrine
    8. Decongestants
  3. Causes: Anticholinergics
    1. Atropine
    2. Scopolamine
    3. Benztropine mesylate
    4. Antihistamines
  4. Causes: Neurologic and psychiatric agents
    1. Antiparkinsonism Medications
    2. Butyrophenones
      1. Haloperidol (Haldol)
    3. Tricyclic Antidepressant
      1. Amitriptyline (Elavil)
      2. Imipramine
      3. Nortriptyline
      4. Protriptyline
    4. Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
      1. Phenelzine
      2. Tranylcypromine
    5. Miscellaneous psychiatric agents
      1. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI)
      2. Lithium
  5. Causes: Cardiovascular
    1. Beta Blockers
    2. Calcium Channel Blockers
    3. Diuretics
      1. Caffeine
      2. Alcohol
      3. Furosemide (Lasix)
      4. Hydrochlorothiazide
      5. Bumetanide (Bumex)
  6. Causes: Phenothiazines
    1. Prochlorperazine
    2. Chlorpromazine hydrochloride
    3. Promethazine hydrochloride
  7. Causes: Recreational and Illicit Drugs
    1. Alcohol
    2. Lysergic Acid diethylamide (LSD)
    3. Phencyclidine (PCP)
    4. Methamphetamine
    5. Ephedra-containing supplements
    6. Cocaine
    7. Bath Salts
    8. Ecstacy
    9. Jimson Weed
    10. Hallucinogenic Mushrooms
  8. Causes: Other Medications
    1. Laxatives
    2. Thyroid receptor agonists
    3. Salicylates
  9. References
    1. Salinas and Ruttan (2017) Crit Dec Emerg Med 31(9): 3-10

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