Emergency Medicine Book

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Pesticide

Aka: Pesticide, Insecticide
  1. See Also
    1. Organophosphate
    2. Organophosphate Poisoning Management
    3. Cholinergic Toxicity
    4. Neurotoxin
    5. Chemical Weapon
  2. Preparations: Cholinesterase Inhibitors (Cholinergic Toxicity)
    1. Carbamates (reversible binding)
    2. Organophosphate (irreversible binding)
      1. Similar to Nerve Toxin (e.g. Tabun, Sarin, Soman)
      2. See Organophosphate Poisoning Management
  3. Preparations: Miscellaneous Pesticides
    1. Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids (e.g. Permethrin)
    2. Organochlorines (e.g. Lindane) - similar to DDT
    3. Diethyltoluamide (DEET) in Insect Repellant
  4. Resources
    1. Extension Toxicology Network
      1. http://www.ace.orst.edu/info/extoxnet
    2. National Pesticide Information Center
      1. http://www.npic.orst.edu/index.html
      2. Phone: 800-858-7378
    3. American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC)
      1. http://www.1-800-222-1222.info/poisonHelp.asp
      2. Phone: 800-222-1222
  5. References
    1. Simpson (2002) Am Fam Physician 65(8):1599-604 [PubMed]

Insecticides (C0021576)

Definition (MSH) Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Definition (CSP) pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man; insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Concepts Hazardous or Poisonous Substance (T131)
MSH D007306
SnomedCT 33278000
English Insecticides, insecticide, insecticides, Insecticide, Insecticide (substance), Insecticide, NOS
French Produits insecticides, Agents insecticides, Insecticides
Swedish Insektsdödande medel
Czech insekticidy
Finnish Hyönteismyrkyt
Russian INSEKTITSIDY KHLORORGANICHESKIE, FOSFORORGANICHESKIE INSEKTITSIDY, RASTITEL'NYE INSEKTITSIDY, INSEKTITSIDY TIOFOSFORORGANICHESKIE, KHLORORGANICHESKIE INSEKTITSIDY, TIOFOSFORORGANICHESKIE INSEKTITSIDY, INSEKTITSIDY RASTITEL'NYE, INSEKTITSIDY, INSEKTITSIDY KARBAMATSODERZHASHCHIE, KARBAMATSODERZHASHCHIE INSEKTITSIDY, INSEKTITSIDY FOSFORORGANICHESKIE, ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ, ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ КАРБАМАТСОДЕРЖАЩИЕ, ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ РАСТИТЕЛЬНЫЕ, ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ ТИОФОСФОРОРГАНИЧЕСКИЕ, ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ ФОСФОРОРГАНИЧЕСКИЕ, ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ ХЛОРОРГАНИЧЕСКИЕ, РАСТИТЕЛЬНЫЕ ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ, ТИОФОСФОРОРГАНИЧЕСКИЕ ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ, ФОСФОРОРГАНИЧЕСКИЕ ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ, ХЛОРОРГАНИЧЕСКИЕ ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ, КАРБАМАТСОДЕРЖАЩИЕ ИНСЕКТИЦИДЫ
Croatian INSEKTICIDI
Polish Insektycydy
Spanish Ovicidas, insecticida (sustancia), insecticida, Insecticidas
Portuguese Ovicidas, Inseticidas
German Insektenvernichtungsmittel, Insektizide
Italian Insetticidi
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Pesticides (C0031253)

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Pests live where they are not wanted or cause harm to crops, people, or animals. Pesticides can help get rid of them. Pesticides are not just insect killers. They also include chemicals to control weeds, rodents, mildew, germs, and more. Many household products contain pesticides.

Pesticides can protect your health by killing germs, animals, or plants that could hurt you. However, they can also be harmful to people or pets. You might want to try non-chemical methods first. If you do need a pesticide, use it correctly. Be especially careful around children and pets. Proper disposal of pesticides is also important - it can help protect the environment.

Biologically-based pesticides are becoming more popular. They often are safer than traditional pesticides.

Environmental Protection Agency

Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) Any substance that is used to kill insects and other pests.
Definition (NCI) Any chemical substance, biological agent or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest, including insects, plant pathogens, weeds, mollusks, birds, mammals, fish, nematodes (roundworms) and microbes that compete with humans for food, destroy property, spread or are a vector for disease or are a nuisance.(Wikipedia.org)
Definition (MSH) Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
Definition (CSP) agent used to destroy pests of any sort, including animals, plants, fungi and other organisms which are regarded as injurious or unwanted.
Concepts Hazardous or Poisonous Substance (T131)
MSH D010575
SnomedCT 59545008, 350232000
LNC LP14272-6, MTHU003740
English Pesticides, pesticides, pesticide, Pesticide, Pesticide product, Pesticide (substance), Pesticide product (product), Pesticide, NOS, Pesticide product (substance)
French Agents pesticides, Produits pesticides, Pesticides
Swedish Bekämpningsmedel
Czech pesticidy
Finnish Torjunta-aineet
Russian PESTITSIDY, ПЕСТИЦИДЫ
Croatian PESTICIDI
Polish Pestycydy
German Pflanzenschutzmittel, Schaedlingsbekaempfungsmittel, Pestizide, Schädlingsbekämpfungsmittel
Norwegian Not Translated[Pesticides]
Spanish Pesticidas, pesticida (producto), pesticida (sustancia), pesticida, plaguicida (producto), plaguicida (sustancia), plaguicida, Plaguicidas
Portuguese Defensivos Agrícolas, Agrotóxicos, Pesticidas, Praguicidas
Italian Pesticidi
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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