Emergency Medicine Book

http://www.fpnotebook.com/

High Altitude Related-Conditions

Aka: High Altitude Related-Conditions
  1. Conditions: General
    1. Acute Mountain Sickness
    2. Altered Sleep at high altitude
      1. Fragmented Sleep Stages
      2. Frequent awakenings
      3. Sleep Apnea
      4. Periodic breathing occurs normally above 3000 meters
    3. Physical wasting above 18,000 feet
      1. Weight loss
      2. Increased lethargy
      3. Muscle Weakness
      4. Polycythemia
      5. Acclimatization above 18,000 feet offers no benefit
    4. Peripheral Edema
      1. Self limited with spontaneous resolution
      2. Consider Diuretics if needed
    5. Thrombosis (higher Incidence at altitude)
    6. Immune suppression
      1. Infections common and difficult to treat at altitude
      2. T Lymphocyte depression
      3. Descend for refractory infectious symptoms and signs
  2. Conditions: Neurologic
    1. High Altitude Cerebral Edema
  3. Conditions: Respiratory
    1. High Altitude Pulmonary Edema
    2. High altitude Pharyngitis or Bronchitis
      1. Dry cough results from respiratory irritation at altitude (multi-factorial)
      2. Reduced with throat lozenges, oxygen face mask breathing
      3. Cough may be severe enough to cause Rib Fractures (Cough fracture)
  4. Conditions: Ocular
    1. Ultraviolet Keratitis
    2. High altitude Retinopathy
      1. Retinal Hemorrhage at high altitude
      2. Resolves spontaneously in 1-2 weeks at sea level
      3. Predictive of more severe High Altitude Sickness including HACE and HAPE
    3. Vision change (refractive shift)
      1. Occurs in those with Radial Keratotomy history

Effects of other and unspecified effects of high altitude (C0029499)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
ICD9 993.2
ICD10 T70.2
SnomedCT 213713008, 212946001
English Other and unspecified effects of high altitude, Effects of other and unspecified effects of high altitude, Other and unspecified high altitude effects, Other high altitude effects, Eff high altitud NEC/NOS, Other and unspecified high altitude effects (event), Other and unspecified high altitude effects (disorder)
Dutch andere en niet-gespecificeerde gevolgen van grote hoogte, Overige en niet gespecificeerde gevolgen van grote hoogte
French Effets de l'altitude, autres et non précisés
German sonstige und unspezifische Auswirkungen von Hoehenlagen, Sonstige und nicht naeher bezeichnete Schaeden durch grosse Hoehe
Portuguese Outros e NE efeitos da grande altitude
Spanish Otros efectos y los no especificados de las grandes alturas, otros efectos de la altitud elevada y los no especificados (trastorno), Other and unspecified high altitude effects, otros efectos de la altitud elevada y los no especificados, otros efectos de la altitud elevada y los no especificados (evento)
Italian Altri e non specificati effetti dell'altitudine
Czech Jiné a blíže neurčené účinky vysoké nadmořské výšky
Korean 고도의 기타 및 상세불명의 영향
Hungarian Nagy magasság egyéb és nem meghatározott hatásai
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


You are currently viewing the original 'fpnotebook.com\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree