Otolaryngology Book

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Rhinitis Causes

Aka: Rhinitis Causes
  1. See Also
    1. Medication Causes of Rhinitis
  2. Causes: Allergic Rhinitis (50%)
    1. Seasonal Rhinitis 35%
    2. Perennial Rhinitis 15%
    3. Allergic Occupational Rhinitis
      1. Lab animal exposure (e.g. rodents)
      2. Grains
      3. Coffee beans
      4. Wood dust
  3. Causes: Non-Allergic Rhinitis (50%)
    1. See all categories below
    2. Common causes of non-Allergic Rhinitis
      1. Viral Rhinitis (most common)
      2. Vasomotor Rhinitis 35%
      3. Nares Syndrome 10%
      4. Drug-Induced Rhinitis 5%
  4. Causes: Non-allergic Trigger related Rhinitis
    1. Drug-Induced Rhinitis
    2. Rhinitis Medicamentosa
    3. Nonallergic Rhinitis (Eosinophilia Syndrome)
    4. Exercise-induced Rhinitis
    5. Gustatory Rhinitis or other food reactions
    6. Vasomotor Rhinitis
    7. Emotional Rhinitis
    8. Irritant Rhinitis
      1. Tobacco smoke
      2. Perfumes
      3. Hair spray
      4. Ozone
    9. Irritant Occupational Rhinitis
      1. Chemicals
      2. Cleaning supplies
      3. Organic solvents
      4. Formaldehyde
      5. Sulfur
      6. Aerosols
    10. Chemical Dependency
      1. Alcohol Abuse
      2. Cocaine Abuse
  5. Causes: Infectious Rhinitis
    1. Viral or Bacterial Infection
    2. Acute Sinusitis or Chronic Sinusitis
  6. Causes: Endocrine-related Rhinitis
    1. Hypothyroidism (may cause obstruction)
    2. Estrogen-related Rhinitis
      1. Pregnancy
      2. Menstrual Cycle
      3. Oral Contraceptives
  7. Causes: Mechanical Rhinitis
    1. Atrophic Rhinitis
    2. Ciliary Dyskinesia
    3. Deviated nasal septum
    4. Hypertrophic turbinates
    5. Nasal Polyps
    6. Foreign body
    7. Nasal Tumor or Sinus Tumor
    8. Congenital Choanal Atresia
    9. Meningocele
    10. Adenoids
    11. Variants of osteomeatal complex
  8. Causes: Medical Condition related Rhinitis
    1. Gastroesophageal Reflux
    2. Cystic Fibrosis
    3. Benign and malignant tumors
    4. Cerebrospinal fluid Rhinorrhea (esp. unilateral)
    5. Immunodeficiency
    6. Sarcoidosis
    7. Sjogren's Syndrome
    8. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    9. Wegener's Granulomatosis

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