Otolaryngology Book

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Tongue Exam

Aka: Tongue Exam
  1. See Also
    1. Tongue
  2. Exam
    1. Stick out Tongue, turn to both sides (CN XII)
    2. Tongue dorsum should be pink, velvety
    3. Use gauze to grasp anterior Tongue to see all surfaces
    4. Palpate for Tongue masses or Nodules (especially Tongue base and lateral margins)
    5. Observe for white lesions suggestive of Leukoplakia
  3. Exam: Normal Findings
    1. Dorsal fissuring (Scrotal Tongue)
    2. Indented Lateral Margins of Tongue
    3. Geographic Tongue (Benign Migratory Glossitis)
    4. Median Rhomboid Glossitis
    5. Varicose Veins of Tongue ("Caviar Lesions")
  4. Exam: Tongue Abnormalities
    1. Smooth Tongue
    2. Tongue Carcinoma
    3. Hairy Leukoplakia
    4. Cranial Nerve 12 Paralysis
    5. Lichen Planus
  5. Exam: Presenting Tongue Symptoms
    1. Tongue Enlargement (Macroglossia)
    2. Tongue Pain or Tongue Burning
  6. Exam: Cancers and Pre-cancers
    1. Leukoplakia
    2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Tongue

Tongue (C0040408)

Definition (NCI) The muscular organ located in the floor of the mouth and serving as the principal organ of taste and modification of the voice in speech.
Definition (NCI_CDISC) The muscular organ located in the floor of the mouth and serving as the principal organ of taste and modification of the voice in speech. (NCI)
Definition (CSP) movable muscular organ of the floor of the mouth, subserving the special sense of taste and aiding in mastication, deglutition and the articulation of sound.
Concepts Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component (T023)
MSH D014059
SnomedCT 21974007
HL7 TONG
LNC LP30556-2, MTHU015078
English Tongue, Tongues, Lingual, Lingua, lingual, tongues, tongue, tongue structure, TONGUE, Tongue structure, Tongue structure (body structure), Tongue, NOS
Swedish Tunga
Czech jazyk
Finnish Kieli (suun lihas)
Russian IAZYK, ЯЗЫК
Japanese
Croatian Not Translated[Tongue]
Latvian Mēle
Polish Język
Norwegian Tunge, Lingua
Spanish estructura de la lengua (estructura corporal), estructura de la lengua, lengua, Lengua
French Langue
German Glossa, Lingua, Zunge
Italian Lingua
Dutch Tong
Portuguese Língua
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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