Otolaryngology Book

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Dix-Hallpike Maneuver

Aka: Dix-Hallpike Maneuver
  1. See Also
    1. HiNTs Exam (Three-Step Bedside Oculomotor Examination)
    2. Horizontal Head Impulse Test (Head Thrust Test, h-HIT)
    3. Nystagmus
    4. Skew Deviation (Vertical Ocular Misalignment, Vertical Heterotropia, Vertical Strabismus)
    5. Vertigo
    6. Vertigo Causes
    7. Peripheral Causes of Vertigo
    8. Central Causes of Vertigo
    9. Vertigo Management
    10. Meniere's Disease
    11. Motion Sickness
    12. Vestibular Neuronitis
    13. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
    14. Perilymphatic Fistula (Hennebert's Sign)
    15. Acute Labyrinthitis
    16. Bacterial Labyrinthitis (Acute Suppurative Labyrinthitis)
    17. Dizziness
    18. Dysequilibrium
    19. Syncope
    20. Light Headedness
  2. Definition
    1. Vestibular Testing
  3. Indication
    1. Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Exam
      1. Vertigo evoked by position change
      2. No symptoms at rest
  4. Contraindications
    1. Elderly with significant carotid vascular disease
  5. Procedure
    1. Patient starts in sitting position on exam table
      1. Facing forward with eyes open
    2. Rapidly lie patient backward
      1. Head turned 45 degrees to RIGHT
      2. Neck extended 20 degrees hanging over end of table
      3. Patient remains in this position for 30 seconds
    3. Sit patient up
    4. Rapidly lie patient backward
      1. Head turned 45 degrees to LEFT
      2. Neck extended 20 degrees hanging over end of table
      3. Patient remains in this position for 30 seconds
    5. Observe
      1. Nystagmus
      2. Vertiginous symptoms
  6. Interpretation: Positive signs suggestive of Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
    1. Vertigo
    2. Rotary Nystagmus
      1. Globe torques around central axis
      2. Counterclockwise or clockwise
    3. Latent period follows procedure before Nystagmus
    4. Response Fatigues or habituates on repetition
  7. Efficacy
    1. See HiNTs Exam (Three-Step Bedside Oculomotor Examination) as a better alternative for the acute Vertigo evaluation
    2. Unreliable in distinguishing peripheral Vertigo from central Vertigo (Cerebrovascular Accident)
      1. Kerber (2009) Emerg Med Clin North Am 27(1): 39-50 [PubMed]

Dix-Hallpike maneuver (C1961093)

Concepts Diagnostic Procedure (T060)
SnomedCT 426166007
English Dix-Hallpike maneuver, Dix-Hallpike maneuver (procedure), Dix-Hallpike manoeuvre
Spanish maniobra de Dix-Hallpike, maniobra de Dix-Hallpike (procedimiento)
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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