Cardiovascular Medicine Book

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Myocardial Perfusion Imaging with Adenosine

Aka: Myocardial Perfusion Imaging with Adenosine, Stress Imaging with Adenosine, Pharmacologic Stress Test with Adenosine, Adenosine Nuclear Test, Adenosine Cardiolite, Pharmacologic Stress Test with Regadenoson, Lexiscan Cardiolite
  1. See Also
    1. Exercise Stress Test
    2. Stress Imaging
    3. Pharmacologic Stress Test
    4. Stress Echocardiogram
    5. Stress Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
  2. Definition
    1. Myocardial Perfusion Imaging using Adenosine (or Regadenoson/Lexiscan)
  3. Approach
    1. Hold nitrates (Nitroglycerin) on day of the test
    2. Hold methylzanthines 24 hours before test
      1. Theodur
      2. Aminophylline
      3. Dipyridamole
  4. Preparations
    1. Adenosine or
    2. Regadenoson (Lexiscan)
      1. Longer half life than Adenosine
      2. Can be adminstered as bolus instead of continuous infusion
  5. Advantages
    1. Short duration of Adenosine action (<3 seconds)
    2. Vasodilator increases coronary flow 5x
    3. More sensitive than Dobutamine (but less specific)
    4. ST Depression specific for serious disease
      1. Left main Coronary Artery Disease
      2. Three-vessel Coronary Artery Disease
  6. Indications
    1. Left Bundle Branch Block
    2. Paced Rhythm
    3. WPW Syndrome
  7. Contraindications
    1. Asthma
    2. Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    3. Concurrent medication use
      1. Dipyridamole
      2. Aggrenox
      3. Theophylline
      4. Caffeine prior to test (e.g. Coffee, Chocolate)

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