Cardiovascular Medicine Book

http://www.fpnotebook.com/

Direct Acting Vasodilator

Aka: Direct Acting Vasodilator, Hydralazine, Apresoline, Diazoxide, Hyperstat, BiDil
  1. See Also
    1. Intravenous Antihypertensive
  2. Direct Acting Vasodilators IV
    1. Hydralazine (Apresoline)
      1. Dose: 10-40 mg IV/IM q4-6h
    2. Hydralazine with Isosorbide Dinitrate 37.5/20 (BiDil)
      1. Dose: 1-2 tablets PO tid
      2. For Class III CHF patients (esp. African American)
      3. Very expensive: $400/month
      4. Generic Drugs separately are $60/month
    3. Diazoxide (Hyperstat)
      1. Dose: 1-3 mg/kg up to 150 mg IV q5-15 min
    4. NitroprussideSodium (Nipride)
    5. Minoxidil (Loniten)
Medication Costs
Hydralazine (on 6/18/2017 at Walmart.com)
Hydralazine 10mg #30 tablets for $4.00 $0.13 each
Hydralazine 10mg #90 tablets for $10.00 $0.11 each
Hydralazine 25mg #30 tablets for $4.00 $0.13 each
Hydralazine 25mg #90 tablets for $10.00 $0.11 each
hydralazine (on 5/17/2017 at Medicaid.Gov Pharmacy Drug pricing)
HYDRALAZINE 10 MG TABLET Generic $0.04 each
HYDRALAZINE 100 MG TABLET Generic $0.10 each
HYDRALAZINE 25 MG TABLET Generic $0.05 each
HYDRALAZINE 50 MG TABLET Generic $0.06 each
bidil (on 2/22/2017 at Medicaid.Gov Pharmacy Drug pricing)
BIDIL TABLET $2.96 each
FPNotebook does not benefit financially from showing this medication data or their pharmacy links. This information is provided only to help medical providers and their patients see relative costs. Insurance plans negotiate lower medication prices with suppliers. Prices shown here are out of pocket, non-negotiated rates. See Needy Meds for financial assistance information.

Diazoxide (C0012022)

Definition (NCI) A benzothiadiazine derivate with antihypertensive and hyperglycemic activities. Diazoxide increases membrane permeability to potassium ions in vascular smooth muscle, thereby stabilizing the membrane action potential and preventing vascular smooth muscle contraction; this results in peripheral vasodilatation and decreases in peripheral vascular resistance. This agent also inhibits insulin release by interacting with ATP-sensitive potassium channels of pancreatic islet beta-cells.
Definition (CSP) peripheral vasodilator that reduces blood pressure; diazoxide also has antidiuretic and hypoglycemic effects.
Definition (MSH) A benzothiadiazine derivative that is a peripheral vasodilator used for hypertensive emergencies. It lacks diuretic effect, apparently because it lacks a sulfonamide group.
Definition (PDQ) A benzothiadiazine derivate with antihypertensive and hyperglycemic activities. Diazoxide increases membrane permeability to potassium ions in vascular smooth muscle, thereby stabilizing the membrane action potential and preventing vascular smooth muscle contraction; this results in peripheral vasodilatation and decreases in peripheral vascular resistance. This agent also inhibits insulin release by interacting with ATP-sensitive potassium channels of pancreatic islet beta-cells. Check for "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39290&idtype=1" active clinical trials or "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=39290&idtype=1&closed=1" closed clinical trials using this agent. ("http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C428" NCI Thesaurus)
Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH D003981
SnomedCT 318642007, 325291008, 387328001, 58905004
LNC LP14713-9, MTHU001807
English Diazoxide, 2H-1,2,4-Benzothiadiazine, 7-chloro-3-methyl-, 1,1-dioxide, 3-Methyl-7-chloro-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-Dioxide, diazoxide, Diazoxide [cardiovascular use], Diazoxide [endocrine use], diazoxide (medication), Diazoxide [Chemical/Ingredient], diazoxides, Diazoxide [cardiovascular use] (product), Diazoxide [endocrine use] (product), Diazoxide (product), Diazoxide (substance), Diazoxide [cardiovascular use] (substance), Diazoxide [endocrine use] (substance), DIAZOXIDE
Swedish Diazoxid
Czech diazoxid
Finnish Diatsoksidi
Russian DIAZOKSID, ДИАЗОКСИД
Japanese ダイアゾキサイド, ジアゾキシド
Croatian DIAZOKSID
Polish Diazoksyd
Spanish diazóxido (uso cardiovascular), diazóxido [uso endocrino], diazóxido (uso cardiovascular) (producto), diazóxido [uso endocrino] (producto), diazóxido (producto), diazóxido (sustancia), diazóxido, Diazóxido
French Diazoxide
German Diazoxid
Italian Diazossido
Portuguese Diazóxido
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Hydralazine (C0020223)

Definition (NCI) A phthalazine derivative with antihypertensive effects. Hydralazine exerts its vasodilatory effects through modification of the contractile state of arterial vascular smooth muscle by altering intracellular calcium release, and interfering with smooth muscle cell calcium influx. This agent also causes inhibition of phosphorylation of myosin protein or chelation of trace metals required for smooth muscle contraction, thereby resulting in an increase in heart rate, stroke volume and cardiac output.
Definition (MSH) A direct-acting vasodilator that is used as an antihypertensive agent.
Definition (CSP) direct-acting vasodilator that is used as an antihypertensive.
Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH D006830
SnomedCT 22696000, 387125005
LNC LP15169-3, MTHU002558
English Apressin, Hydralazine, Hydrallazin, Hydrazinophthalazine, 1(2H)-Phthalazinone, hydrazone, apressin, 1(2H)-Phthalazinone Hydrazone, Hydralazine [Chemical/Ingredient], HYDRALAZINE, hydrALAZINE, hydralazine (medication), hydralazine, Apressinum, Hydralazine (product), Hydralazine (substance)
Swedish Hydralazin
Czech hydralazin
Finnish Hydralatsiini
Russian APRESSIN, GIDRALAZIN, АПРЕССИН, ГИДРАЛАЗИН
Italian Apressina, Idrallazina, Idrazinoftalazina, Idralazina
Spanish Hidralazina, Hidralacina, hidralazina (producto), hidralazina (sustancia), hidralazina
Polish Hydralazyna
Japanese ヒドララジン, 塩酸ヒドララジン
French Hydralazine
German Hydralazin, Hydrallazin
Portuguese Hidralazina
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Apresoline (C0699178)

Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH D006830
English Apresoline, apresoline, Apressoline
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Hyperstat (C0699324)

Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH D003981
English Hyperstat
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Bidil (C0968130)

Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH C431665
English Bidil, BiDil
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


You are currently viewing the original 'fpnotebook.com\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree