Cardiovascular Medicine Book

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Triglyceride

Aka: Triglyceride
  1. See Also
    1. Hyperlipidemia
  2. Normal
    1. <160 mg/dl
  3. Increased (Secondary Causes)
    1. Hyperlipoproteinemia (types I, IIb, III, IV, and V)
    2. Pregnancy
    3. Obesity
    4. Alcohol Abuse
    5. Acute Myocardial Infarction
    6. Pancreatitis
    7. Nephrotic Syndrome
    8. Chronic Renal Insufficiency
    9. Glycogen Storage Disease
    10. Acute intermittent porphyria
    11. Endocrine Disease
      1. Diabetes Mellitus
      2. Hypothyroidism
      3. Cushing's Syndrome
      4. Hypopituitarism
    12. Medications
      1. Exogenous Estrogens
      2. Diuretics
      3. Glucocorticoids
      4. Ticlopidine (Ticlid)
  4. Decreased
    1. Malnutrition
    2. Abetalipoproteinemia
    3. Medications
      1. Gemfibrozil
      2. Nicotinic Acid
      3. Clofibrate
  5. References
    1. Mosca (2002) Am Fam Physician 65(2):217-26 [PubMed]
    2. Yeshuran (1995) South Med J 88:379-91 [PubMed]

Triglycerides (C0041004)

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood. Too much of this type of fat may raise the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.

A blood test measures your triglycerides along with your cholesterol. Normal triglyceride levels are below 150. Levels above 200 are high.

Factors that can raise your triglyceride level include

  • Being overweight
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • A very high carbohydrate diet
  • Certain diseases and medicines
  • Some genetic disorders

You may be able to lower your triglycerides with a combination of losing weight, diet, and exercise. You also may need to take medicine to lower your triglycerides.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Definition (NCI_CRCH) Lipid composed of three fatty acids bonded to glycerol (Wardlaw, et al.).
Definition (NCI) Fats composed of three fatty acid chains linked to a glycerol molecule.
Definition (CSP) compound consisting of three moleules of fatty acid esterified to glycerol; a neutral fat synthesized from carbohydrates for storage in animal adipose cells.
Concepts Lipid (T119) , Biologically Active Substance (T123)
MSH D014280
SnomedCT 85600001
LNC LP15275-8, LP32173-4, MTHU003166
English Triacylglycerols, Triglycerides, Triglycerides [Chemical/Ingredient], triglycerides, triacylglycerols, triglyceride, triacylglycerol, Triacylglycerol, Triglyceride, TG - Triglyceride, Triacylglycerol (substance), TRIGLYCERIDES
Swedish Triglycerider
Czech triacylglycerol, triglyceridy, triacylglyceroly
Finnish Triglyseridit
Italian Triacilglicerolo, Triacilgliceroli, Trigliceridi
Russian TRIGLITSERIDY, TRIATSILGLITSERINY, ТРИАЦИЛГЛИЦЕРИНЫ, ТРИГЛИЦЕРИДЫ
Japanese トリアシルグリセロール, トリグリセリド, トリグリセライド
Croatian TRIGLICERIDI
Polish Trójglicerydy, Triglicerydy, Triacyloglicerole
Portuguese Triglicéridos, Triglicérides, Triglicerídios, Triacilgliceróis, Triacilglicerol, Triglicerídeos
Spanish triacilglicerol, triglicérido (sustancia), triglicérido, Triacilgliceroles, Triacilglicerol, Triglicéridos
French Triglycéride
German Triacylglycerine, Triglyceride, Triacylglycerol
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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