II. Definition

  1. Arthropod-borne Virus (or Ar-Bo-Virus)
    1. Viral infections borne by Insects (Mosquitos, ticks, fleas, biting flies)

III. Types

  1. Family Bunyaviridae
    1. Genus Nairovirus (Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever virus)
    2. Genus Orthobunyavirus (Bunyamwera virus, California Encephalitis virus, La Crosse Encephalitis virus)
    3. Genus Phlebovirus (Rift Valley fever virus, Toscana virus, Heartland virus)
  2. Family Flaviviridae
    1. Genus Flavivirus (Tick-borne Encephalitis virus, Dengue, Japanese Encephalitis virus, St. Louis Encephalitis virus, West Nile Virus, Yellow Fever)
  3. Family Reoviridae
    1. Genus Orbivirus (African horse sickness virus, Bluetongue disease virus, Equine encephalosis virus)
    2. Genus Seadornavirus (Banna virus)
    3. Genus Coltivirus (Colorado Tick Fever virus)
  4. Family Togaviridae
    1. Genus Alphavirus (Eastern equine Encephalitis virus, Ross River virus, Venezuelan equine Encephalitis virus, Western equine Encephalitis virus)
  5. References
    1. Wikipedia: Arboviruses
      1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arbovirus

IV. Presentations

  1. Acute febrile illness (fever, myalgias, Arthralgias, Headache, rash)
    1. Dengue
    2. Yellow Fever
  2. Meningitis, Encephalitis or acute flaccid paralysis
    1. Viral Encephalitis
    2. Tick-borne fever
  3. Acute hemorrhagic fever
    1. Dengue
    2. Yellow Fever
  4. Acute polyarthropathy
    1. Chikungunya
    2. Mayaro virus

V. References

  1. Anderson (2014) Crit Dec Emerg Med 28(7): 11-9

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