II. Precaution

  1. Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFR) account for up to 40% of trips from industrialized nations to tropical destinations

IV. Causes: Africa

  1. Malaria
  2. Sickle Cell
  3. Intestinal Parasites
    1. Helminths
    2. Amebiasis
    3. Giardia lamblia
  4. Diarrheal illnesses
  5. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  6. Viral hemorrhagic fevers
  7. Borreliosis
  8. Leprosy
  9. Leishmaniasis
  10. Cysticercosis
  11. Schistosomiasis
  12. Onchocerciasis
  13. Filariasis
  14. Echinococcus

V. Causes: Middle East

VI. Causes: Asia

  1. Leprosy
  2. Intestinal Parasites
    1. Roundworm
    2. Hookworm
    3. Filaria
    4. Flukes
    5. Amoebae
    6. Giardia lamblia
  3. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  4. Malaria (in southeast Asia)

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