II. Transmission

  1. Vectors
    1. Fluke
    2. Intermediary freshwater snail
  2. Parasite enters unbroken skin in infested water

III. Symptoms: Acute Illness (Katayama Fever)

IV. Complications

  1. Severe neurologic sequelae (rare)

V. Diagnosis: Microscopic exam of stool and urine

VI. Management

  1. Praziquantel 40-60 mg/kg for 1 dose

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window

Ontology: Schistosomiasis (C0036323)

Definition (MSH) Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.
Definition (NCI) A parasitic infection caused by flukes of the genus Schistosoma. Signs and symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, eosinophilia and hepatosplenomegaly. If left untreated it may eventually cause liver damage leading to cirrhosis, bladder cancer and kidney failure.
Definition (CSP) parasitic disease of tropical and subtropical countries; characterized initially by fever, chills, and abdominal and lower back pain; untreated patients may develop jaundice, liver cirrhosis, bladder tumors, and kidney failure.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D012552
ICD9 120.9, 120
ICD10 B65.9 , B65
SnomedCT 187520009, 187122005, 154415009, 187111006, 266222003, 10087007, 105661001
English Bilharziases, Bilharziasis, Schistosomiases, Schistosomiasis, Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), Schistosomiasis, unspecified, Schistosomiasis,unspecified, [X]Schistosomiasis, unspecified, [X]Schistosomiasis,unspecified, schistosomiasis (diagnosis), schistosomiasis, Unspecified schistosomiasis, Schistosomiasis NOS, Schistosomiasis [bilharziasis], Schistosomiasis [Disease/Finding], bilharzia, bilharzias, blood flukes, Katayama Fever, [X]Schistosomiasis, unspecified (disorder), Schistosomiasis NOS (disorder), Bilharzia, Hemic distomiasis, Schistosomosis, Blood fluke infection, Schistosomiasis - bilharziasis, Disease due to Schistosomatidae (disorder), Disease due to Schistosomatidae, Haemic distomiasis, Infection by Schistosoma (disorder), Infection by Schistosoma, bilharziasis, blood; fluke disease, disease (or disorder); liver, in schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) (etiology), fluke disease; blood, liver; disease, in schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) (etiology), liver; disease, in schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) (manifestation), Blood flukes, NOS, Infection by Schistosoma, NOS, Blood flukes NOS
Dutch schistosomiasis, niet-gespecificeerd, niet-gespecificeerde schistosomiasis, schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), Trematodenziekte; bloed, aandoening; lever, bij schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), bloed; Trematodenziekte, lever; aandoening, bij schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), Schistosomiasis, niet gespecificeerd, schistosomiasis, Schistosomiasis [bilharziasis], Bilharziasis, Schistosomiasis
French Schistosomiase non précisée, Schistosomiase (bilharziose), Schistosomiase, non précisée, Bilharziose, Schistosomiase, Schistosomose
German Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), unspezifische Schistosomiasis, Schistosomiasis, unspezifisch, Schistosomiasis [Bilharziose], Schistosomiasis, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Bilharziasis, Bilharziose, Schistosomiasis
Italian Schistosomiasi (bilharziosi), Schistosomiasi, non specificata, Bilharziosi, Schistosomiasi
Portuguese Schistosomíase (bilharzíase), Schistosomíase NE, Schistosomíase, Bilharzíase, Esquistossomose
Spanish Esquistosomiasis (bilharziasis), Esquistosomiasis no especificada, [X]esquistosomiasis, no especificada (trastorno), [X]esquistosomiasis, no especificada, esquistosomiasis, SAI (trastorno), esquistosomiasis, SAI, bilarziasis, bilarziosis, bilharziasis, bilharziosis, distomiasis hémica, duela sanguínea, enfermedad por Schistosomatidae (trastorno), enfermedad por Schistosomatidae, esquistosomiasis, esquistosomosis, infección por Schistosoma (trastorno), infección por Schistosoma, trematodos sanguíneos, Esquistosomiasis, Bilharziasis
Japanese ビルハルツ住血吸虫症, 詳細不明の住血吸虫症, 住血吸虫症、詳細不明, ジュウケツキュウチュウショウ, ジュウケツキュウチュウショウショウサイフメイ, ショウサイフメイノジュウケツキュウチュウショウ, ビルハルツジュウケツキュウチュウショウ, 住血吸虫症
Swedish Snäckfeber
Czech schistosomiasis, schistosomóza, bilharzióza, Schistozomóza (bilharzióza), Blíže neurčená schistozomiáza, Schistozomóza
Finnish Skistosomiaasi
Russian BIL'GARTSIOZ, SHISTOSOMOZ, БИЛЬГАРЦИОЗ, ШИСТОСОМОЗ
Korean 주혈흡충증, 상세불명의 주혈흡충증
Croatian SHISTOSOMIJAZA
Polish Schistosomoza, Bilharcjoza
Hungarian Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), Nem meghatározott schistosomiasis, Schistosomiasis, schistosomiasis, nem meghatározott
Norwegian Schistosomiasis, Sneglefeber