II. Pathophysiology

  1. Mosquito-borne infection
  2. Transmission of one of two organisms
    1. Wucheria bancrofti larvae
    2. Wucheria malayi larvae
  3. Infects lymphatics
    1. Initially results in lymphatic inflammation
    2. Later scarring and obstruction result in Lymphedema

III. Symptoms

  1. Headache
  2. Photophobia
  3. Vertigo
  4. Fatigue
  5. Low grade fever
  6. Myalgia

IV. Signs

  1. Acute
    1. Conjunctivitis
    2. Orchitis
    3. Lymphangitis
    4. Lymphadenopathy
  2. Chronic: Lymphatic and Venous obstruction
    1. Edema distal to obstruction
    2. Hydrocele
    3. Elephantiasis of Breasts, Scrotum, vulva, legs

V. Labs

  1. Stained Blood Film
    1. Microfilariae seen
  2. Complete Blood Count
    1. Eosinophilia

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Ontology: Filariasis (C0016085)

Definition (MSH) Infections with nematodes of the superfamily FILARIOIDEA. The presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis. Organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
Definition (CSP) infections with nematodes of the superfamily Filarioidea; presence of living worms in the body is mainly asymptomatic but the death of adult worms leads to granulomatous inflammation and permanent fibrosis; organisms of the genus Elaeophora infect wild elk and domestic sheep causing ischaemic necrosis of the brain, blindness, and dermatosis of the face.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D005368
ICD9 125.9
ICD10 B74 , B74.9
SnomedCT 50342004, 187161002, 187532008, 105706003
English Filariases, Filariasis, Filarioidea Infection, Filarioidea Infections, Infection, Filarioidea, Infections, Filarioidea, Unspecified filariasis, Filariasis, unspecified, [X]Filariasis, unspecified, INFECT FILARIOIDEA, FILARIOIDEA INFECT, filariasis, filariasis (diagnosis), Filariasis NOS, Filariasis [Disease/Finding], filariosis, filariases, Filariasis (disorder), Filariasis NOS (disorder), Wuchereria infection, [X]Filariasis, unspecified (disorder), Filariosis, Disease due to superfamily Filarioidea (disorder), Disease due to superfamily Filarioidea
Italian Filariasi, Infezione da Wuchereria, Filariasi non specificata, Infezioni da Filarioidea, Filariosi
Dutch Wuchereria-infectie, niet-gespecificeerde filariasis, Filariasis, niet gespecificeerd, filariasis, Filaria-infectie, Filariasis
French Infection à Wuchereria, Filariose non précisée, Filariose, Filarioses, Infections à Filarioidea
German unspezifische Filariasis, Wuchereria-Infektion, Filariose, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Filarieninfektionen, Filariose
Portuguese Filaríase NE, Infecção por Wuchereria, Infecções por Filaria, Filaríase, Filariose, Infecções por Filarioidea
Spanish Filariasis no especificada, Infección por Wuchereria, filariasis, SAI, filariasis, SAI (trastorno), [X]filariasis no especificada (trastorno), [X]filariasis no especificada, filariasis (trastorno), Infecciones por Filaria, enfermedad causada por la superfamilia Filarioidea (trastorno), enfermedad causada por la superfamilia Filarioidea, filariasis, Filariasis, Infecciones por Filarioidea
Japanese 糸状虫感染, 詳細不明の糸状虫症, シジョウチュウカンセン, シジョウチュウショウ, ショウサイフメイノシジョウチュウショウ, フィラリア症, 糸状虫類上科感染症, 糸状虫感染症, 糸状虫症, Elaeophora症
Swedish Filariasis
Finnish Filariaasi
Russian FILARIOIDEA INFEKTSII, FILIARIATOZNYI DERMATOZ OVETS, FILIARIATOZY, ELAEOPHORIASIS, FILARIOIDEA ИНФЕКЦИИ, ФИЛЯРИАТОЗНЫЙ ДЕРМАТОЗ ОВЕЦ, ФИЛЯРИАТОЗЫ
Czech Filarióza, Blíže neurčená filarióza, Wuchererióza, filariáza, filarióza
Korean 사상충증, 상세불명의 사상충증
Croatian FILARIJAZA
Polish Elaephoriasis, Filarioza
Hungarian nem meghatározott filariasis, filariasis, Wuchereria fertőzés
Norwegian Not Translated[Filariasis]