II. Infections

  1. Skin Infections
    1. Cellulitis
    2. Surgical Wound Infection (onset within 48 hours)
    3. Impetigo
    4. Furuncle or Carbuncle
    5. Superficial Folliculitis
    6. Toxic Shock Syndrome
    7. Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome
    8. Intravenous Catheter associated infection
    9. Hydradenitis suppurativa
    10. Mastitis
  2. Cardiopulmonary infections
    1. Staphylococcal Pneumonia (Empyema risk)
    2. Infective Endocarditis
  3. Musculoskeletal infections
    1. Osteomyelitis
    2. Septic Arthritis
    3. Septic Bursitis
  4. CNS Infections
    1. Meningitis
    2. Brain Abscess
    3. Epidural Abscess
  5. Gastrointestinal
    1. Staphylococcal Enterotoxin BFood Poisoning
      1. Unrefrigerated cold salads, meats, cream pastries
      2. Onset in 1 to 6 hours (duration to 24 to 48 hours)

III. Management: Methicillin Resistant

IV. Management: Methicillin-Sensitive

  1. First line antibiotics (non-Penicillin allergic)
    1. IV: Nafcillin or Oxacillin
    2. PO: Dicloxacillin
  2. Alternative agents
    1. IV: Cefazolin (Ancef)
    2. PO: Cephalexin (Keflex)

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Ontology: Staphylococcus aureus (C0038172)

Definition (NCI) A common bacterial species found especially on nasal mucous membrane and skin (hair follicles); bacterial species that produces exotoxins including those that cause toxic shock syndrome, with resulting skin rash, and renal, hepatic, and central nervous system disease, and an enterotoxin associated with food poisoning; it causes furunculosis, cellulitis, pyemia, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, suppuration of wounds, other infections; also a cause of infection in burn patients; humans are the chief reservoir.
Definition (NCI_CDISC) Any bacterial organism that can be assigned to the species Staphylococcus aureus.
Definition (MSH) Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
Definition (CSP) potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm blooded animals; may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
Concepts Bacterium (T007)
MSH D013211
SnomedCT 3092008
LNC LP16662-6
English Micrococcus pyogenes, STAPH AUREUS, Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus, Staphylococcus aureus Rosenbach 1884, Staph. aureus, s. aureus, staphylococcus aureus bacteria, staph aureus, STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS, staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus aureus, Staphlococcus pyogenes citreus, STAPH. AUREUS, S. AUREUS, Staphylococcus pyogenes aureus, Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus, Staphylococcus pyogenes citreus, Staphylococcus aureus (organism)
French Staphylocoque doré, Staphylococcus aureus
Swedish Staphylococcus aureus
Czech Staphylococcus aureus, zlatý stafylokok
Finnish Staphylococcus aureus
Russian STAFILOKOKK ZOLOTISTYI, MIKROKOKK PIOGENNYI, МИКРОКОКК ПИОГЕННЫЙ, СТАФИЛОКОКК ЗОЛОТИСТЫЙ
Croatian STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
Polish Gronkowce złociste, Staphylococcus aureus
Norwegian Staphylococcus aureus
Spanish Micrococcus pyogenes, variedad aureus, Staphylococcus aureus (organismo), Staphylococcus aureus
German Staphylococcus aureus
Italian Staphylococcus aureus
Dutch Staphylococcus aureus
Portuguese Staphylococcus aureus

Ontology: Methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (organism) (C1635274)

Concepts Bacterium (T007)
SnomedCT 417943000
Spanish Staphylococcus aureus meticilinosensible, Staphylococcus aureus sensible a la meticilina (organismo), Staphylococcus aureus sensible a la meticilina, MSSA
English Methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (organism), MSSA, Methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus