II. Epidemiology

  1. HIV and Tobacco abuse both play major roles in the increased risk of COPD and Lung Cancer in HIV patients
    1. Collini (2016) Curr Opin Infect Dis 29(1):31-8 +PMID:26555039 [PubMed]

III. Causes: General causes lung infection in HIV

  1. Typical Bacterial Pneumonia occurs in HIV patients
    1. Pneumococcal Pneumonia
    2. HaemophilusInfluenzae
  2. Tuberculosis occurs in advanced HIV with CD4 < 500
  3. Pneumocystis occurs in advanced HIV with CD4 < 200

IV. Causes: Cavitary Lesions

  1. Tuberculosis
  2. Aspergillus
  3. Pneumocystis carinii
  4. Pneumococcus
  5. Cryptococcus neoformans
  6. Rhodococcus equi
  7. Gram Negative Bacilli (especially Pseudomonas)

VII. Causes: Pleural Effusion

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