II. Contraindications

III. History

  1. Not manufactured since early 1990s
  2. Returning to U.S. market in 2005

IV. Device

  1. Polyurethane foam
  2. Containe 1 gram Nonoxynol 9

V. Mechanism

  1. Over-the-counter barrier contraceptive
  2. Contains Spermicide (Nonoxynol-9)

VI. Protocol

  1. Woman inserts for <30 hours

VII. Efficacy

  1. Ideal use: 89-91% effective at preventing pregnancy
  2. Typical use: 84-87% effective at preventing pregnancy
  3. Comparable efficacy to Male Condom or diaphragm
  4. Efficacy may be reduced if history of prior pregnancy

VIII. Disadvantages

  1. Does not prevent Sexually Transmitted Disease

IX. References

  1. (2005) Prescriber's Letter, p. 35

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Ontology: Contraceptive Sponge - device (C0183461)

Definition (NCI_NICHD) A contraceptive device, made of plastic, that contains a spermicidal agent and is designed to be placed into the vaginal canal to prevent live sperm from entering the uterus.
Definition (NCI) A sponge impregnated with an antispermicidal agent; it is designed to be placed into the vaginal canal to prevent live sperm from entering the uterus.
Concepts Medical Device (T074)
SnomedCT 169534007, 146761003, 146766008, 169529008
English Sponges, Contraceptive, CONTRACEPTIVE SPONGE, contraceptive sponge, contraceptive sponge (medication), Contraceptive Sponge - device, Contraceptive Sponges, contraceptive sponges, sponge contraceptive, Contraceptive Sponge, Contraceptive sponge NOS, Contraceptive sponge NOS (product), Contraceptive sponge, Contraceptive sponge (product), Contraceptive sponge (substance), Contraceptive sponge NOS (substance)
Spanish esponja anticonceptiva, SAI, esponja anticonceptiva, SAI (producto), esponja anticonceptiva (producto), esponja anticonceptiva