III. Causes: Increased Intracranial process

  1. Meningitis
  2. Intracranial tumor
  3. Pseudotumor Cerebri

VI. Causes: Infectious

VII. Causes: Anatomic malformation

  1. Pyloric Stenosis
  2. Intussusception
  3. Malrotation
  4. Volvulus
  5. Inguinal Hernia
  6. Intestinal adhesions
  7. Gastric web
  8. Esophageal atresia
  9. Intestinal atresia
  10. Hirschsprung's Disease
  11. Annular Pancreas
  12. Imperforate anus
  13. Meconium ileus
  14. Small left colon
  15. Gastroschisis
  16. Omphalocele
  17. Prostaglandin-induced antral hypertrophy

VIII. Causes: Miscellaneous

  1. Obstructive uropathy
  2. Vascular anomaly (Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome)
  3. Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC)
  4. Protein-sensitive enterocolitis
  5. Peptic Ulcer Disease (Gastric or Duodenal Ulcer)
  6. Gastritis
  7. Esophagitis
  8. Appendicitis
  9. Meckel's Diverticulum
  10. Pseudo-obstruction
  11. Increased Intracranial Pressure (e.g. Shaken Baby Syndrome)

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