II. Epidemiology

  1. Most often occurs in patients over 50 years old

III. Causes

  1. Weakening of support layers of lower lid
  2. Trachoma (rare in United States)
    1. Results in palpebral Conjunctiva scarring
    2. Can affect both upper and lower lids

IV. Symptoms

  1. Asymptomatic unless Trichiasis occurs

V. Signs

  1. Lid turns inward toward globe
  2. Lower lid most often affected

VI. Complications: Trichiasis

  1. Lash margins turn inward and rub against Cornea
  2. Very symptomatic

VII. Management

  1. Surgical repair of Entropion if Trichiasis occurs

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Ontology: Entropion (C0014390)

Definition (MSHCZE) Ochablost dolního víčka s okrajem stočeným proti oku. Řasy dráždí povrch oka (zejm. rohovku) a mohou způsobit jeho poškození a infekci. Stav lze upravit drobnou operací. E. spasticum je způsobeno křečí m. orbicularis oculi. E. cicatriceum je způsobeno jizvením s tahem za dolní víčko. E. senile vzniká ve stáří. E. congenitum je vrozené. (cit. Velký lékařský slovník online, 2013 http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/ )
Definition (MSH) The turning inward (inversion) of the edge of the eyelid, with the tarsal cartilage turned inward toward the eyeball. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D004774
ICD9 374.00
SnomedCT 246821008, 193928005, 155177005, 33168009
English Entropion, Entropions, Entropion, unspecified, Unspecified entropion, entropion (diagnosis), entropion (physical finding), entropion, entropion was observed, Entropion [Disease/Finding], eyelids inverted, eyelids turning, Entropion;eye, Entropion NOS, Unspecified entropion (disorder), Eyelid turned inward, Folded in eyelid, Eyelashes turned in, Eyelid inverted, Eyelid turned in, Entropion (disorder), Entropion, NOS, Entropion of eyelid
Dutch entropion NAO, entropion, niet-gespecificeerd, entropion, Entropion
French Entropion, non précisé, Entropion SAI, Entropion
German Entropium, unspezifisch, Entropium NNB, Entropium
Italian Entropion NAS, Entropion, non specificato, Entropion
Portuguese Entrópio NE, Entrópio
Spanish Entropión no especificado, Entropión NEOM, Entropión, entropión no especificado (trastorno), entropión no especificado, entropión (trastorno), entropión
Japanese 眼瞼内反、詳細不明, 眼瞼内反NOS, 眼瞼内反, ガンケンナイハン, ガンケンナイハンNOS, ガンケンナイハンショウサイフメイ
Swedish Inåtvikning av ögonlock
Czech entropion, Entropium NOS, Nespecifikované entropium, Entropium, entropium
Finnish Entropium
Russian VEKA ZAVOROT, ВЕКА ЗАВОРОТ
Croatian ENTROPIJ
Polish Podwinięcie powiek
Hungarian Entropion k.m.n., Entropium, nem meghatározott, Entropium
Norwegian Entropion

Ontology: Trichiasis (C0221259)

Definition (MSH) A disease of the eye in which the eyelashes abnormally turn inwards toward the eyeball producing constant irritation caused by motion of the lids.
Definition (MSHCZE) Stav, kdy oční řasy jsou stočeny směrem k oční kouli a trvale dráždí spojivku a rohovku, které jsou poškozovány. Vzniká v důsledku zánětlivých změn. (cit. Velký lékařský slovník online, 2013 http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/ )
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D058457
SnomedCT 193927000, 267864001, 156412005, 60332004
Dutch trichiasis van ooglid, trichiasis
French Trichiase des paupières, Rétroversion des cils, Trichiasis
German Augenlidtrichiasis, Trichiasis
Italian Trichiasi della palpebra, Trichiasi
Portuguese Triquíase da pálpebra, Triquíase
Spanish Triquiasis palpebral, Triquiasis, triquiasis (trastorno), triquiasis
Japanese 睫毛乱生, ショウモウランセイ, マツゲランセイ
English trichiasis of eyelid, trichiasis of eyelid (diagnosis), trichiasis of eyelid (physical finding), Trichiases, Trichiasis, Trichiasis [Disease/Finding], Trichiasis - eyelid, Malpositioned eyelashes, Trichiasis (disorder), trichiasis, Trichiasis, NOS, Trichiasis NOS, Eyelid trichiasis
Czech Trichiáza očního víčka, Trichiáza, trichiáza
Russian ТРИХИАЗ, TRIKHIAZ
Hungarian Szemhéj trichiasis, Trichiasis
Polish Trichiaza, Nieprawidłowe ustawienie rzęs
Norwegian Trikiasis