II. Definition: Diptera

  1. Biting 2 winged Insect
  2. Includes Mosquito, Gnat, Fly, and Midge

III. Types

  1. Mosquito
    1. See Mosquito
  2. Biting Midge (no-see-ums, sand flies)
    1. Attack in areas of low light without wind
  3. Gnats
    1. Attack at hairline
    2. Active during moist times (early spring)
  4. Flies
    1. Black Fly
      1. Bite during day near streams (and attracted to dark moving objects)
      2. Disease vector for Onchocerciasis (Africa)
    2. Horse Fly, Deer Fly or Gadfly
      1. Bite on warm, cloudy days
    3. Louse Fly
    4. Sand Fly (small, moth-like Insects)
      1. Bite at night in damp areas
      2. Disease vector for Leishmaniasis (Southern U.S., Central and South America, Asia and Africa)
    5. Snipe Fly
      1. Bite during daytime
      2. Risk of severe Allergic Reaction (Western U.S.)
    6. Stable Fly (appear similar to house fly)
      1. Bite during daytime (especially during thunder storms)
    7. Tsetse Fly
      1. Bite during daytime even through clothing
      2. Disease vector for African trypanosomiasis

IV. Management

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Ontology: Diptera (C0012578)

Definition (MSH) An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
Definition (NCI) A large order of insects having a single pair of wings and sucking or piercing mouths; includes true flies and mosquitoes and gnats and crane flies.
Definition (CSP) have one pair of membraneous wings, 3 segmented antennae, compound eye, sucking mouth parts, and 5 segmented tarsi; metamorphosis is complete; many larvae are parasitic; some species of adults are disease vectors.
Concepts Eukaryote (T204)
MSH D004175
SnomedCT 367378007, 243701007, 106777000
English Flies, Flies, True, fly, Order: Diptera, Order Diptera (organism), Order Diptera, Diptera, True Flies, Dipteras, True Fly, Fly, Fly, True, Diptera (organism), Order diptera - biting gnat, Biting gnat, Order diptera - biting gnat (organism), Diptera species, Dipteran, Diptera [Ambiguous]
Spanish orden Diptera (organismo), orden Diptera, Dípteros, Diptera (organismo), Diptera, orden diptera - jején mordedor, orden diptera - jején mordedor (organismo), especies de dípteros, jején mordedor, Moscas, Mosquitos y Tábanos, Tábanos, Mosca, Moscas, Tábano, Moscas Genuinas
French Mouches, Diptères, Diptera, Vraies mouches
Swedish Diptera
Czech dvoukřídlí, Diptera, mouchy
Finnish Diptera
Russian DVUKRYLYE, DVOIAKOKRYLYE, MUKHI ISTINNYE, ДВОЯКОКРЫЛЫЕ, ДВУКРЫЛЫЕ, МУХИ ИСТИННЫЕ
Japanese ハエ類, 双翅類, 双翅目, , ハエ目, ハエ,
Italian Mosche Diptera, Diptera
Croatian Not Translated[Diptera]
Polish Muchówki, Muchy, Dwuskrzydłe
Norwegian Diptera, Tovinger
Portuguese Diptera, Moscas, Mosquitos e Mutucas, Mutuca, Mutucas, Mosca, Moscas, Dípteros
German Diptera, Fliegen, echte
Dutch Diptera, Vliegen en muggen, Vliegen, echte

Ontology: gnat (C0018008)

Concepts Eukaryote (T204)
SnomedCT 1595007
English Gnat, gnats, gnat, Gnat (organism), Gnat, NOS
Spanish cénzalo, cénzalo (organismo)

Ontology: Bite of Diptera species (C0417743)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
SnomedCT 242634008
Spanish mordedura de especie de díptero (evento), mordedura de especie de díptero (hallazgo), mordedura de especie de díptero
English Bite of Diptera species, Bite of biting fly, Bite of Diptera species (finding), Bite of Diptera species (event)