II. Causes: Intrauterine Growth Retardation

  1. Genetic or chromosomal abnormality
  2. Transplacental infectious disease (TORCH Virus)
  3. Malnutrition
  4. Hypoxia
  5. Toxins
    1. Alcohol
    2. Nicotine
    3. Substance Abuse
  6. Medications
    1. Phenytoin

III. Causes: Birth

IV. Causes: Childhood

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window