II. Epidemiology

  1. Incidence may approach 8%

III. Definition

  1. Sleep related Movement Disorder
  2. Habitual grinding of teeth in addition to jaw clenching
  3. Most often occurs overnight

IV. Causes

  1. Emotional stress
  2. Malocclusion
  3. Huntington's Chorea
  4. Parkinsonism
  5. Drug use has been associated with Bruxism
    1. Tobacco abuse
    2. Bath Salts
    3. Methamphetamine Abuse
    4. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (Ecstasy, MDMA)
      1. Dinis-Oliveira (2010) Clinical Toxicology

V. Management

  1. Treat underlying cause if identified
  2. Dental guards or splints
  3. Biofeedback
  4. Botulinum Toxin Injection

Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing)

Related Studies (from Trip Database) Open in New Window

Ontology: Bruxism (C0006325)

Definition (NCI) An involuntary or unconscious clenching or grinding the teeth, typically during sleep.(from WordNet)
Definition (MSH) A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.
Definition (CSP) oral habit involving involuntary rhythmic or spasmodic nonfunctional gnashing, grinding and clenching of teeth, usually during sleep.
Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
MSH D002012
ICD10 F45.8
SnomedCT 90207007, 191983006, 367105000, 192436003, 154925009, 268774006
English TEETH-GRINDING, TEETH GRINDING DIS, Bruxism - teeth grinding, grinding one's teeth (symptom), grinding one's teeth, bruxism (diagnosis), bruxism, Bruxomania, Gnashing tooth, Teeth grating, Grinding tooth, Teeth grinding, Teeth-grinding, Bruxism [Disease/Finding], grinding of the teeth (physical finding), grinding of the teeth, demonstrated behavior mannerisms grinding teeth, grinding of teeth, grind teeth, teeth grinding disorder, Grinding;teeth, grinding teeth, grinding teeth disorders, teeth grind, tooth grinding, grinding tooth, Teeth Grinding Disorder, Teeth Grinding Disorders, Disorder, Teeth Grinding, Disorders, Teeth Grinding, Grinding Disorder, Teeth, Grinding Disorders, Teeth, Bruxism (grinding teeth), Grinding teeth (disorder), [X]Teeth-grinding, Teeth gnashing, Grinding teeth, Bruxism (teeth grinding), Grinding of teeth, Bruxism (teeth grinding) (disorder), Grinding teeth (finding), Bruxism, Teeth Grinding, teeth grinding
Spanish BRUXISMO, Rechinar de dientes, Rechinamiento de dientes, Bruxomanía, rechinar de dientes, Rechinamiento Dental, Rechinamiento de Dentes, bruxismo (hallazgo), bruxismo (trastorno), bruxismo, rechinar los dientes, Bruxismo, Rechinamiento de los Dientes
German ZAEHNEKNIRSCHEN, aufeinanderreibende Zaehne, mahlender Zahn, knirschender Zahn, knirschende Zaehne, Zaehneknirschen, Bruxismus, Bruxomanie, Zähneknirschen
Dutch knarsetanden, tandenknarsen, bruxomanie, bruxisme, Bruxisme, Bruxomanie, Tandenknarsen
French Grincement de dents, Grincements de dents, GRINCEMENT DE DENTS, Grincement des dents, Bruxisme, Bruxomanie, Brycomanie
Italian Digrignare i denti, Stridore di denti, Denti digrignati, Bruxomania, Digrignamento dei denti, Disturbo da digrignamento dei denti, Bruxismo
Portuguese Ranger de dentes, Bruxomania, RANGER DE DENTES, Ranger de Dentes, Bruxismo, Transtorno do Ranger de Dentes
Japanese 歯ぎしり癖, ハギシリヘキ, ハギシリクセ, ハギシリ, 歯ぎしり, くいしばり, クレンチング, グラインディング, タッピング-歯, 歯軋, ブラキシズム, 歯軋り
Swedish Tandgnissling
Czech bruxismus, Skřípání zubů, Bruxismus, Bruxomanie
Finnish Bruksismi
Russian BRUKSIZM, KAROLINI FENOMEN, БРУКСИЗМ, КАРОЛИНИ ФЕНОМЕН
Polish Bruksizm, Objaw Karoly'ego, Zgrzytanie zębami mimowolne
Hungarian Fogcsikorgatás, Fog csikorgatása, Fog csikorgatás, Fogak csikorgatása
Norwegian Bruksisme, Tanngnissing