II. Causes

  1. Medication causes
    1. Phenytoin (Dilantin) occurs in 40-50% pts
    2. Calcium Channel Blockers (occurs rarely)
      1. Nifedipine (Procardia)
      2. Diltiazem (Cardizem)
    3. Cyclosporine
  2. Other causes
    1. Puberty
    2. Pregnancy
    3. Leukemia
    4. Blood dyscrasias

III. Signs

  1. Gingiva heaped up and partially cover teeth

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Ontology: Gingival Hyperplasia (C0017566)

Definition (MSH) Non-inflammatory enlargement of the gingivae produced by factors other than local irritation. It is characteristically due to an increase in the number of cells. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p400)
Definition (CSP) abnormal multiplication of otherwise normal gingival cells, leading to tissue enlargement.
Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
MSH D005885
SnomedCT 441798003, 54711002, 196377003, 196375006, 281051000009101
English Gingival Hyperplasias, Hyperplasia, Gingival, Hyperplasias, Gingival, GUM HYPERPLASIA, gingiva hyperplasia, Hyperplasia of gingivae, Gum hyperplasia, Hyperplasia gum, Hyperplasia of gingiva (disorder), Hyperplasia of gingiva, Gingival Hyperplasia [Disease/Finding], enlargement gingival, gingival enlargement, hyperplasia gingival, gingival hyperplasia, gum hyperplasia, Gingival Hyperplasia, Gingival hyperplasia (disorder), Gingival hyperplasia, gingiva; hyperplasia, gum; hyperplasia, hyperplasia; gingiva, hyperplasia; gum, thickening; gingival
Portuguese HIPERPLASIA GENGIVAL, Hiperplasia gengival, Hiperplasia Gengival
Spanish HIPERPLASIA GINGIVAL, Hiperplasia de encías, Hiperplasia de encias, hiperplasia de encías (trastorno), hiperplasia gingival, hiperplasia de encías, Hiperplasia gingival, Hiperplasia Gingival
Dutch hyperplasie tandvlees, tandvleeshyperplasie, gingiva; hyperplasie, hyperplasie; gingiva, hyperplasie; tandvlees, tandvlees; hyperplasie, verdikking; tandvlees, gingiva-hyperplasie, Gingivahyperplasie, Hyperplasie, gingiva-, Tandvleesverdikking
German Hyperplasie des Zahnfleischs, ZAHNFLEISCHHYPERPLASIE, Gingivahyperplasie, Zahnfleischhyperplasie
Japanese 歯肉増殖, 歯肉増生, シニクゾウセイ, シニクゾウショク
Swedish Tandköttshyperplasi
Finnish Ienhyperplasia
Russian DESEN GIPERPLAZIIA, DESNY, GIPERPLAZIIA, ДЕСЕН ГИПЕРПЛАЗИЯ, ДЕСНЫ, ГИПЕРПЛАЗИЯ
French HYPERPLASIE GINGIVALE, Hyperplasie gingivale, Hyperplasie de la gencive
Czech Hyperplazie dásně, Hyperplazie gingivy, dásně - hyperplazie, hyperplazie gingivy, hyperplazie dásní
Polish Rozrost dziąseł
Hungarian Fogíny hyperplasia, Fogíny hyperplasiája, Hyperplasia fogíny
Norwegian Gingival hyperplasi, Tannkjøtthyperplasi
Italian Iperplasia gengivale