I. Technique

  1. Difference between systolic and diastolic pressures

II. Normal Pulse Pressure

  1. Range: 30-40 mmHg

III. Widened (high) Pulse Pressure (>40 mmHg)

  1. Pathophysiology in Isolated Systolic Hypertension
    1. Suggests reduced large artery vascular compliance
    2. Best Blood Pressure marker for cardiovascular risk
  2. Causes
    1. Isolated Systolic Hypertension
    2. Aortic Regurgitation
    3. Thyrotoxicosis
    4. Patent Ductus Arteriosus
    5. Arteriovenous fistula
    6. Beriberi heart
    7. Aortic Coarctation
    8. Anemia
    9. Emotional state

IV. Narrowed Pulse Pressure (<30 mmHg)

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