II. Category

III. Indications

  1. Subcuticular skin closure

IV. Advantages

  1. High tensile strength (similar to Ethilon)
  2. Minimal tissue reactivity (similar to Ethilon)
  3. Slippery (allows for easy removal from tissues)

V. Disadvantages

  1. Slippery (requires 4 knot throws to hold)
  2. High plasticity (loose after wound edema resolves)
  3. More expensive than Nylon Suture (Ethilon)
  4. More difficult to use than Nylon Suture

VI. References

  1. Epperson in Pfenninger and Fowler (1994) Procedures for Primary Care Physicians, Mosby, Chicago, p. 3-11
  2. Townsend (2001) Sabiston Textbook Surgery, p. 1552-3
  3. Howell (1997) Emerg Med Clin North Am 15(2):417-25 [PubMed]
  4. Moy (1991) Am Fam Physician 44(6):2123-8 [PubMed]

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Ontology: Sutures, Synthetic, Nonabsorbable, Polypropylene (device) (C0491217)

Definition (UMD) Synthetic sutures typically made of an isomer of linear propylene, a nonabsorbable (i.e., nonbiodegradable) polymer. These sutures are typically available in sterile monofilament uncoated-thread sections (e.g., 18, 30 in [45, 76 cm] long) attached to a single-use needle as an integral device; they are frequently colored for easy identification during surgery. Polypropylene nonabsorbable synthetic sutures keep their tensile strength for up to two years and are not absorbed by tissues; their intended use includes subcuticular closure, pull-out sutures, and suture of contaminated and/or infected wounds.
Definition (SPN) Nonabsorbable polypropylene surgical suture is a monofilament, nonabsorbable, sterile, flexible thread prepared from long-chain polyolefin polymer known as polypropylene and is indicated for use in soft tissue approximation. The polypropylene surgical suture meets United States Pharmacopeia (U.S.P.) requirements as described in the U.S.P. Monograph for Nonabsorbable Surgical Sutures; it may be undyed or dyed with an FDA approved color additive; and the suture may be provided with or without a standard needle attached.
Concepts Medical Device (T074)
SnomedCT 257394003, 356769008
English SUTURE, NONABSORBABLE, SYNTHETIC, POLYPROPYLENE, Sterile polyprop monofil sutur, Sutures, Synthetic, Nonabsorbable, Polypropylene, Polypropylene Sutures, Sutures, Polypropylene, Sutures, Polypropylene Monofilament, Sutures, Synthetic, Nonabsorbable, Polypropylene (device), Polypropylene suture, Prolene suture, Sterile polypropylene monofilament suture, Polypropylene monofilament suture, Polypropylene suture (physical object), Sterile polypropylene monofilament suture (physical object)
Spanish sutura de polipropileno (objeto físico), sutura de polipropileno, sutura estéril monofilamento de polipropileno (objeto físico), sutura estéril monofilamento de polipropileno

Ontology: Prolene (C0917843)

Concepts Biomedical or Dental Material (T122) , Organic Chemical (T109)
MSH D011126
SnomedCT 256633009
Italian Prolene
English prolene, Prolene
Norwegian Prolene