II. Types: Dynamic Sports

  1. Example
    1. Distance Running
  2. Definition
    1. Muscle length changes with rhythmic contractions
    2. Small intramuscular forces generated
  3. Physiologic Changes
    1. Increased Stroke Volume and Oxygen consumption
    2. Systolic Blood Pressure increases
    3. Diastolic Blood Pressure decreases
    4. Lowered peripheral resistance

III. Types: Static Sports

  1. Example
    1. Weight lifting
  2. Definition
    1. Large intramuscular forces generated
    2. Little change in muscle length
  3. Physiologic change
    1. Little change in cardiovascular parameters
      1. Oxygen consumption
      2. Stroke Volume
      3. Peripheral resistance
    2. Both systolic and diastolic Blood Pressure increase

IV. Types: Low Static Sports (<20% of maximal voluntary contraction)

  1. Low Dynamic (<40% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Golf
    2. Billiards
    3. Bowling
    4. Cricket
    5. Curling
    6. Riflery
  2. Moderate Dynamic (40-70% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Volleyball
    2. Baseball
    3. Softball
    4. Doubles Tennis
    5. Table Tennis
    6. Fencing
  3. High Dynamic (>70% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Distance Running (>3 Km)
    2. Soccer (European Football)
    3. Classic Cross Country Skiing
    4. Singles Tennis
    5. Badminton
    6. Field Hockey
    7. Orienteering
    8. Race Walking
    9. Racquetball
    10. Squash

V. Types: Moderate Static Sports (20-50% of maximal voluntary contraction)

  1. Low Dynamic (<40% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Diving
    2. Archery
    3. Equestrian
    4. Motor Cross or Motorcycling
    5. Auto Racing
  2. Moderate Dynamic (40-70% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Rugby
    2. American Football
    3. Sprint Running (<800 meters)
    4. Jumping Field Events
    5. Figure skating
    6. Rodeo
    7. Surfing
    8. Synchronized swimming
  3. High Dynamic (>70% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Basketball
    2. Skate Cross Country Skiing
    3. Ice hockey
    4. Lacrosse
    5. Swimming
    6. Middle Distance Running (800-3000 meters)
    7. Team handball

VI. Types: High Static Sports (>50% of maximal voluntary contraction)

  1. Low Dynamic (<40% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Weight lifting
    2. Gymnastics
    3. Martial arts (e.g. Karate)
    4. Throwing Field events
    5. Bobsledding or luge
    6. Sailing
    7. Sport climbing
    8. Water skiing
    9. Weight lifting
    10. Wind Surfing
  2. Moderate Dynamic (40-70% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Wrestling
    2. Downhill skiing
    3. Snow boarding
    4. Body building
    5. Skate Boarding
  3. High Dynamic (>70% maximal oxygen consumption)
    1. Boxing
    2. Cycling
    3. Rowing
    4. Canoeing
    5. Kayaking
    6. Decathalon
    7. Triathalon
    8. Speed skating

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