II. Negative

  1. Normal

III. Positive (Percentage refers to sensitivity)

  1. Localized Scleroderma or CREST Syndrome (22-36%)
  2. Associated with pulmonary involvement
  3. Also seen with Raynaud's Phenomenon

IV. References

  1. Gladman in Klippel (1997) Rheumatic Diseases p. 255-6
  2. Peng in Ruddy (2001) Kelley's Rheumatology, p. 161-72
  3. Callegari (1995) Postgrad Med, 97(4):65-74 [PubMed]
  4. Lane (2002) Am Fam Physician 65(6):1073-80 [PubMed]

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