II. Preparations: Dietary Sources

  1. Pork
  2. Liver
  3. Oysters
  4. Whole-grain and enriched cereals, Pasta, Bread
  5. Wheat germ
  6. Oatmeal
  7. Peas
  8. Lima Beans

III. Associated Conditions: Deficiency

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Ontology: Thiamine (C0039840)

Definition (CHV) vitamin B1
Definition (CHV) vitamin B1
Definition (CHV) vitamin B1
Definition (CHV) vitamin B1
Definition (CHV) vitamin B1
Definition (CHV) vitamin B1
Definition (CHV) vitamin B1
Definition (NCI) A heat-labile and water-soluble essential vitamin, belonging to the vitamin B family, with antioxidant, erythropoietic, mood modulating, and glucose-regulating activities. Thiamine reacts with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to form an active coenzyme, thiamine pyrophosphate. Thiamine pyrophosphate is necessary for the actions of pyruvate dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutarate in carbohydrate metabolism and for the actions of transketolase, an enzyme that plays an important role in the pentose phosphate pathway. Thiamine plays a key role in intracellular glucose metabolism and may inhibit the action of glucose and insulin on arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation. Thiamine may also protect against lead toxicity by inhibiting lead-induced lipid peroxidation.
Definition (NCI_CRCH) Water-soluble vitamin that is a coenzyme in the metabolism of carbohydrates and branched-chain amino acids. (DRI)
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) A nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Vitamin B1 helps some enzymes work properly, helps break down sugars in the diet, and keeps nerves and the heart healthy. It is found in pork, organ meats, peas, beans, nuts, and whole grains. Vitamin B1 is water-soluble (can dissolve in water) and must be taken in daily. Not enough vitamin B1 can cause a disease called beriberi (a condition marked by heart, nerve, and digestive disorders). Too much vitamin B1 may help cancer cells grow faster.
Definition (MSH) 3-((4-Amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2- hydroxyethyl)-4-methylthiazolium chloride.
Definition (CSP) water soluble B vitamin with a structure consisting of substituted pyrimidine and thiazolium rings linked by a methylene group; deficiency causes beriberi.
Definition (PDQ) A heat-labile and water-soluble essential vitamin, belonging to the vitamin B family, with antioxidant, erythropoietic, mood modulating, and glucose-regulating activities. Thiamine reacts with adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to form an active coenzyme, thiamine pyrophosphate. Thiamine pyrophosphate is necessary for the actions of pyruvate dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutarate in carbohydrate metabolism and for the actions of transketolase, an enzyme that plays an important role in the pentose phosphate pathway. Thiamine plays a key role in intracellular glucose metabolism and may inhibit the action of glucose and insulin on arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation. Thiamine may also protect against lead toxicity by inhibiting lead-induced lipid peroxidation. Check for "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=37856&idtype=1" active clinical trials or "http://www.cancer.gov/Search/ClinicalTrialsLink.aspx?id=37856&idtype=1&closed=1" closed clinical trials using this agent. ("http://nciterms.nci.nih.gov:80/NCIBrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C874" NCI Thesaurus)
Concepts Organic Chemical (T109) , Vitamin (T127)
MSH D013831
SnomedCT 61768002, 259659006, 30306003
LNC LP15886-2, MTHU008943
English Aneurin, Thiamine, Vitamin B 1, Vitamin B1, Thiazolium, 3-((4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl)-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-methyl- chloride, vitamin B1, Vitamin B<sub>1</sub> preparation, Vitamin B<sub>1</sub>, vit B1, VITAMIN B A 01, thiamine (medication), thiamine, 2-[3-[(4-amino-2-methyl-pyrimidin-5-yl)methyl]-4-methyl-1-thia-3-azoniacyclopenta-2,4-dien-5-yl]ethanol, Thiamine [Chemical/Ingredient], THIAMINE, vitamin b 1, b1 substances vitamin, b1 vitamins, vitamin b1, vit b1, b1 vitamin, thiamine (vit B1), Thiamine (substance), Anti-beriberi factor, Thiamine preparation, Vitamin B1 preparation, Vitamin B>1< preparation, Vitamin B>1<, Thiamine preparation (product), Vitamin B1 (substance), B1 vitamin, thiamin, vitamin-B1, Thiamine (substance) [Ambiguous], Thiamine preparation (substance), Thiamin, B1 Vitamin, Vit B1, Vitamin-B1, VITAMIN B1
Swedish Tiamin
Czech thiamin, aneurin, vitamin B1
Finnish Tiamiini
Italian Vitamina B 1, Vitamina B1, Aneurina, Tiamina
Russian TIAMIN, ANEVRIN, VITAMIN B1, АНЕВРИН, ВИТАМИН B1, ТИАМИН
Spanish vitamina B<sub>1</sub>, preparado con vitamina B<sub>1</sub>, preparado con vitamina B>1<, tiamina (producto), preparado con tiamina (producto), preparado con vitamina B1, tiamina, preparado con tiamina, tiamina (sustancia), pirofosfato de tiamina, factor anti - beriberi, Vitamina B1, preparado de tiamina (sustancia), tiamina (concepto no activo), vitamina B1 (sustancia), vitamina B1, vitamina B>1<, Tiamina, Aneurina, Vitamina B 1
Japanese サイアミン, ビタミンB1, チアミン, アノイリン
German VITAMIN B A 01, Aneurin, Thiamin, Vitamin B1
Croatian TIAMIN
Polish Witamina B1, Tiamina, Aneuryna
Norwegian Not Translated[Thiamine]
Portuguese Vitamina B1, Aneurina, Tiamina, Vitamina B 1
French Aneurine, Facteur antinévritique, Oryzanine, Thiamine, Vitamine B1