II. Efficacy

  1. No scientific support for effect in any condition
    1. (1999) Med Lett Drugs Ther 41(1047): 20-1 [PubMed]
    2. Shang (2005) Lancet 366:726-32 [PubMed]
  2. Meta-analysis of 89 controlled trials
    1. Effect not fully explained by Placebo
    2. Ineffective for any single condition
    3. Linde (1997) Lancet 350:834 [PubMed]
  3. Not found to be effective in:
    1. Migraine Headache
      1. Whitmarsh (1997) Cephalalgia 17:600 [PubMed]
    2. Muscle soreness
      1. Vickers (1998) Clin J Pain 14:227 [PubMed]
    3. Upper Respiratory Infection prevention in children
      1. de Klerk (1994) BMJ 309:1329 [PubMed]

III. Ingredients

  1. Homeopathic Pharmacopeia of United States
    1. Includes 1200 homeopathic recipes
    2. Based on "like cures like"
      1. Example: Emetic strychnine used as Anti-emetic
    3. Based on individual's experiences ("Provings")
  2. Contents
    1. Minerals
    2. Botanicals
    3. Animal parts
    4. Microorganisms
  3. Dilution
    1. Serial Dilutions
      1. X (1/10): 1X=1/10, 3X=1000, 6X=1/Million
      2. C (1/100): 1C=1/100, 3C=1/Million
    2. Typical Dilution: 6X to 30C (as high as 200C)
      1. 24X (12C) is diluted above Avogadro's Number
      2. Unlikely that product contains even one molecule
      3. Vallance (1998) J Altern Complement Med [PubMed]

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