II. Definition

  1. Small jaw undersized for the corresponding Maxilla
  2. May occur independently or in combination with a congenital syndrome

III. Causes: Examples

  1. Congenital Rubella (TORCH Virus)
  2. DiGeorge Syndrome
  3. Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
  4. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  5. Goldenhar Syndrome
  6. Marfan Syndrome
  7. Noonan Syndrome
  8. Pierre Robin syndrome
  9. Prader-Willi Syndrome
  10. Treacher Collins syndrome
  11. Trisomy 13
  12. Trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome)
  13. Turner syndrome

IV. Complications

  1. Difficult Airway (for intubation, see Lemon Mnemonic)
  2. Feeding difficulties
  3. Altered Dentition

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