I. Preparations: Antibiotics to take with food

  1. Food may reduce gastrointestinal upset
    1. Augmentin
    2. Chloroquine
    3. Erythromycin
    4. Ethambutol
    5. Ethionamide
    6. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
    7. Ketoconazole
    8. Methenamine
    9. Metronidazole (Flagyl)
    10. Nalidixic Acid
    11. Niclosamide
    12. Praziquantel
    13. Primaquine
    14. Pyrimethamine
    15. Quinacrine (with food and full glass of water)
    16. Quinine
    17. Rifabutin
    18. Sulfasalazine (may require Folic Acid supplement)
    19. Thiabendazole
  2. Food increases absorption or bioavailability
    1. Atovaquone (Mepron)
    2. Cefuroxime (Ceftin)
    3. Cefpodoxime (Vantin)
    4. Clofazimine
    5. Griseofulvin (take with fatty meal)
    6. Itraconazole (Sporanox)
    7. Mebendazole (Chew or crush tablet)
    8. Mefloquine (with food and a full glass of water)
    9. Nitrofurantoin

II. Preparations: Antibiotics to take on an empty Stomach

  1. Food decreases or delays absorption
    1. Ampicillin
    2. Azithromycin
    3. Carbenicillin
    4. Chloramphenicol
    5. Ciprofloxacin
    6. Cloxacillin
    7. Dicloxacillin
    8. Didanosine
    9. Enoxacin
    10. Isoniazid (may take with food if GI upset occurs)
    11. Lincomycin
    12. Loracarbef (Lorabid)
    13. Nafcillin
    14. Norfloxacin
    15. Floxin
    16. Oxacillin
    17. Penicillin G
    18. Piperazine
    19. Rifampin (may require Vitamin D Supplementation)
    20. Sulfonamides (with a full glass of water)
    21. Tetracycline (no food or milk within 3 hours)
    22. Zidovudine (may take with food other than fatty meal)
    23. Zalcitabine (ddc)

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