II. Background

  1. Anemia is a sign of disease, not a disease itself

IV. Signs and Symptoms

V. Evaluation

VI. Resources: Patient Education

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Ontology: Anemia (C0002871)

Definition (MSH) A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.
Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

If you have anemia, your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. The most common cause of anemia is not having enough iron. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.

Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction.

Conditions that may lead to anemia include

Anemia can make you feel tired, cold, dizzy, and irritable. You may be short of breath or have a headache.

Your doctor will diagnose anemia with a physical exam and blood tests. Treatment depends on the kind of anemia you have.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Definition (MSHCZE) Chudokrevnost. Onemocnění, při němž je v krvi sníženo množství krevního barviva (hemoglobinu) a červených krvinek (erytrocytů). Vede k omezení přenosu kyslíku, který je nezbytný pro všechny tkáně lidského organismu. (cit. Velký lékařský slovník online, 2013 http://lekarske.slovniky.cz/ )
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) A condition in which the number of red blood cells is below normal.
Definition (NCI_CTCAE) A disorder characterized by an reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in 100 ml of blood. Signs and symptoms of anemia may include pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, shortness of breath, palpitations of the heart, soft systolic murmurs, lethargy, and fatigability.
Definition (NCI) A reduction in the number of red blood cells, the amount of hemoglobin, and/or the volume of packed red blood cells. Clinically, anemia represents a reduction in the oxygen-transporting capacity of a designated volume of blood, resulting from an imbalance between blood loss (through hemorrhage or hemolysis) and blood production. Signs and symptoms of anemia may include pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, shortness of breath, palpitations of the heart, soft systolic murmurs, lethargy, and fatigability.
Definition (CSP) subnormal levels or function of erythrocytes, resulting in symptoms of tissue hypoxia.
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D000740
ICD9 285.9
ICD10 D64.9
SnomedCT 271737000, 64593003, 191277004, 267531008, 154786001, 154812000
LNC MTHU020823, LA18969-8
English Anemia, Anemias, ANAEMIA, Anemia, unspecified, Anaemia unspecified, Anaemia, unspecified, Anemia unspecified, Anemia NOS, Anemia [dup] (disorder), anemia (diagnosis), anemia, Anaemia NOS, Unspecified anemia, Anemia [Disease/Finding], anaemias, anemias, Anemia unspecified (disorder), Anaemia unspecified (disorder), Unspecified anaemia, ANEMIA, Anaemia, Anemia (disorder), anemia; essential, Anaemia, NOS, Anaemia (disorder), Anemia (disorder) [Ambiguous], Anemia; unspecified, Anemia, NOS, anaemia
French ANEMIE, Anémie SAI, Anémie non précisée, Anémie, non précisée, Anémie
Portuguese ANEMIA, Anemia NE, Anemia
Spanish ANEMIA, Anemia inespecificada, Anemia NEOM, Anemia no especificada, anemia no especificada (trastorno), Anaemia unspecified, anemia no especificada, Anemia unspecified, anemia (concepto no activo), anemia (trastorno), anemia, Anemia
German ANAEMIE, unspezifische Anaemie, Anaemie, unspezifisch, Anaemie NNB, Anaemie, nicht naeher bezeichnet, Anaemie, Blutarmut, Anämie
Dutch anemie, niet-gespecificeerd, anemie NAO, niet-gespecificeerde anemie, anemie; essentieel, Anemie, niet gespecificeerd, anemie, Anemie, Bloedarmoede
Italian Anemia, non specificata, Anemia NAS, Anemia non specificata, Anemia
Japanese 貧血, 詳細不明の貧血, 貧血NOS, ヒンケツ, ヒンケツNOS, ショウサイフメイノヒンケツ
Swedish Blodbrist
Finnish Anemia
Russian ANEMIIA, АНЕМИЯ
Czech Anémie, Blíže neurčená anémie, Anémie blíže neurčená, Nespecifikovaná anémie, Anémie NOS, chudokrevost, anémie, anemie
Korean 상세불명의 빈혈
Croatian ANEMIJA
Polish Anemia, Niedokrwistość
Hungarian Anémia, anaemia, Nem meghatározott anaemia, anaemia k.m.n., nem meghatározott vérszegénység, Vérszegénység k.m.n., Anaemia, nem meghatározott
Norwegian Blodmangel, Anemi