II. Risk Factors: Fragility (1 point for each unless otherwise noted)

  1. Advanced Age (1 point if age>65, 2 points if age>75 years)
  2. Comorbidity and reduced functional capacity
  3. Frequent Falls
  4. Alcohol Abuse
  5. Recent surgery

III. Risk Factors: Comorbidity (1 point for each unless otherwise noted)

  1. Cancer (1 point or 2 points if metastatic)
  2. Diabetes Mellitus
  3. Liver Failure
  4. Renal Failure
  5. Prior Cerebrovascular Accident

IV. Risk Factor: Bleeding Disorder (1 point for each unless otherwise noted)

  1. Anemia
  2. Antiplatelet Therapy
  3. Thrombocytopenia
  4. Poor Anticoagulant control
  5. Prior bleeding problems

V. Interpretation: Absolute Bleeding Risk (based on total risk points from above)

  1. Low risk (0 risk factors)
    1. Initial risk <3 months: 1.6%
    2. Later risk >3 months: 0.8%
  2. Moderate risk (1 risk factor)
    1. Initial risk <3 months: 3.2%
    2. Later risk >3 months: 1.6%
  3. High risk (2 or more risk factors)
    1. Initial risk <3 months: 12.8%
    2. Later risk >3 months: 6.5%

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