III. Mechanism

  1. Lotions and creams trap existing moisture in skin
  2. Moisturizing is a misnomer
    1. Lotions and creams do not add moisture to skin
  3. Hypoallergenic agents are preferred
    1. Fragrance free
    2. Dye free
  4. Moisture trapping effectiveness
    1. Best moisture trapping: Oils (e.g. Petroleum Jelly)
    2. Moderate moisture trapping: Creams
    3. Least moisture trapping: Lotions

IV. Technique

  1. Apply to affected area immediately after bathing
    1. Pat dry and apply lotion or cream
  2. Apply periodically throughout day
  3. Apply each time skin is washed

V. Preparations

  1. Most effective agents are Bland Emollients with high oil and low water content
    1. Mineral Oil
    2. Vegetable shortening (Crisco)
    3. Petroleum Jelly (Vaseline)
      1. Petroleum Jelly (Vaseline)
      2. Oils
  2. Moderately effective agents (cream better than lotion)
    1. Vanicream
    2. Eucerin
    3. Lubriderm
    4. Aveeno lotion
    5. Moisturel
    6. Curel
    7. Neutrogena

VI. Preparations: Second generation Emollients add ceramide lipids (efficacy?)

  1. Cerave
  2. Restoraderm

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Ontology: Emollients (C0013983)

Definition (MSH) Oleagenous substances used topically to soothe, soften or protect skin or mucous membranes. They are used also as vehicles for other dermatologic agents.
Concepts Biomedical or Dental Material (T122)
MSH D004643
SnomedCT 373380003, 48279009
English Emollients, Emollient - Misc, EMOLLIENTS, emollients, [DE350] EMOLLIENTS, emollient, Emollient, Emollient product, Emollient (product), Emollient (substance), Emollient, NOS
French Agents émollients, Produits émollients, Émollient
Swedish Huduppmjukande medel
Finnish Ihoa pehmittävät aineet
Russian MIAGCHITEL'NYE SREDSTVA, SMIAGCHAIUSHCHIE VESHCHESTVA, MIAGCHITELI, МЯГЧИТЕЛИ, МЯГЧИТЕЛЬНЫЕ СРЕДСТВА, СМЯГЧАЮЩИЕ ВЕЩЕСТВА
Polish Środki zmiękczające, Emolienty
Czech látky hydratující kůži, emoliencia, přípravky změkčující kůži
Spanish emoliente (producto), emoliente (sustancia), emoliente, Emolientes
German Emollientia
Italian Emollienti
Portuguese Emolientes