Dermatology Book

Skin LubricantAka: Emollient, Bland Emollient, Moisturizer, Moisturizing Lotion


  1. Indications
    1. Dry Skin Management
    2. Pruritus Management
  2. Mechanism
    1. Lotions and creams trap existing moisture in skin
    2. Moisturizing is a misnomer
      1. Lotions and creams do not add moisture to skin
    3. Hypoallergenic agents are preferred
      1. Fragrance free
      2. Dye free
    4. Moisture trapping effectiveness
      1. Best moisture trapping: Oils (e.g. Petroleum Jelly)
      2. Moderate moisture trapping: Creams
      3. Least moisture trapping: Lotions
  3. Technique
    1. Apply to affected area immediately after bathing
      1. Pat dry and apply lotion or cream
    2. Apply periodically throughout day
    3. Apply each time skin is washed
  4. Preparations
    1. Most effective agents are bland emollients
      1. Mineral Oil
      2. Vegetable shortening (Crisco)
      3. Petroleum Jelly (Vaseline)
        1. Petroleum Jelly (Vaseline)
        2. Oils
    2. Moderately effective agents (cream better than lotion)
      1. Vanicream
      2. Eucerin
      3. Lubriderm
      4. Aveeno lotion
      5. Moisturel
      6. Curel
      7. Neutrogena
  5. References

Emollients (C0013983)

Definition (MSH)Oleagenous substances used topically to soothe, soften or protect skin or mucous membranes. They are used also as vehicles for other dermatologic agents.
ConceptsBiomedical or Dental Material (T122)
EnglishEmollient, Emollient product, Emollients
Parent ConceptsDermatologic Agents (C0011625), Topical skin agent (C1629038)
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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